Opposition MPs are to demand a legal guarantee that dangerous cladding is removed from every home by mid-2022.
And they will attempt to force a vote, inviting Conservatives to join them in forcing the Government to take action.
Residents of a Newcastle apartment block with dangerous cladding are currently faced with paying the huge costs of essential fire safety repairs themselves.
At the St Ann’s Quay building on the Newcastle Quayside, leaseholders of its 91 flats have been warned they could be left with a £2m bill if funding applications are unsuccessful.
As well as featuring aluminium composite material (ACM) cladding, St Ann's also has problems with cavity fire stopping that would help stop a blaze from spreading and also has timber balconies.
Labour will attempt to move an amendment during a Commons debate on the Queen's Speech which would set a deadline for developers to remove unsafe and combustible cladding, and carry out all necessary remediation work to make buildings safe.
It would call on the Government to make all homes safe by June 2022; protect leaseholders from the cost of remediation works, and pursue those responsible for the building safety scandal for costs.
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Labour’s new Shadow Secretary of State for Housing, Lucy Powell, said: "The Government must step up and end the waking nightmare for millions of residents trapped in unsafe, unsellable homes. Through no fault of their own, leaseholders’ lives are on hold, faced with crippling costs, with the fear of fire a real and present danger for many."
The Government insists that measures already taken mean leaseholders will not bear the cost of removing the flammable materials, but critics say the Fire Safety Bill will leave some people liable for costs of up to £50,000.
One aspect of the Government’s plans is a loan scheme that would see affected leaseholders contribute up to £50 a month for works on buildings between 11 metres and 18 metres high.
Concerns have been raised by the Bishop of Newcastle, the Rt Rev Christine Hardman, who told the House of Lords earlier this year: "My Lords, many leaseholders in high-rise and medium-rise buildings are currently receiving insurance premium quotes for many times the previous annual cost."
The Housing, Communities and Local Government committee has issued a report calling on ministers to abolish the loan scheme and commit to protecting leaseholders from any of the costs of remediation.