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Iran presidential challenger concedes to hardliner Raisi as vote count continues

The sole moderate in Iran’s presidential election has conceded to the country’s hardline judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi, signalling the protege of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has won a vote he dominated after the disqualification of his strongest competition.

Former central bank chief Abdolnasser Hemmati offered his congratulations to Raisi early on Saturday. Counting, however, continued from Friday’s vote and authorities have yet to give any official results.

“I hope your government, under the leadership of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, will bring comfort and prosperity to our nation,” Hemmati said in a letter, media reported.

Raisi, 60, will take over from moderate Hassan Rouhani at a time the Islamic republic is seeking to salvage its tattered nuclear deal with major powers and free itself from punishing US sanctions that have driven a painful economic downturn.

Raisi, the head of the judiciary whose black turban signifies direct descent from Islam’s Prophet Mohammed, is seen as close to the 81-year-old supreme leader, who has ultimate political power in Iran.

Voting on Friday was extended by two hours past the original midnight deadline amid fears of a low turnout of 50% or less.

Many voters chose to stay away after the field of 600 hopefuls was winnowed down to seven candidates, all men, excluding an ex-president and a former parliament speaker.

Three of the vetted candidates dropped out of the race two days before Friday’s election, and two of them threw their support behind Raisi.

Former populist president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, one of those who were disqualified by the powerful 12-member Guardian Council of clerics and jurists, joined those who said they would not cast their ballot.

Raisi’s only rival from the reformist camp was the low-profile former central bank chief Hemmati, 65, who had polled in the low single digits before the election.

Experts said the election could mark a turning point in the country’s history and a fundamental crisis of legitimacy for the regime if turnout fed by disillusionment falls below 50%.

Sadegh Zibakalam, a distinguished Tehran University politics professor, said the regime had defended itself over the past few decades by pointing to turnout as an indirect sign of support and almost a referendum for the Islamic republic.

“It will be a turning point because a majority do not take part in the election and that means a majority do not support the Islamic republic any longer. That is the crucial point of this election,” he told a King’s College London seminar from Tehran.

On election day, pictures of often flag-waving voters in the country of 83 million dominated state TV coverage, but away from the polling stations some voiced anger at what they saw as a stage-managed election.

“Whether I vote or not, someone has already been elected,” scoffed Tehran shopkeeper Saeed Zareie. “They organise the elections for the media.”

Enthusiasm has been dampened further by the economic malaise of spiralling inflation and job losses, and the pandemic that proved more deadly in Iran than anywhere else in the region, killing more than 80,000 people by the official count.

Presidential election in Iranepa09283151 Iranian women cast their vote at a polling station during the presidential election in Tehran, Iran, 18 June 2021. Iranians head to polls to elect a new president after eight years with Hassan Rouhani as head of state. EPA/ABEDIN TAHERKENAREH
Iranian women cast their vote at a polling station during the presidential election in Tehran, Iran. Photograph: Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA

Among those who lined up to vote at schools, mosques and community centres, many said they supported Raisi, who has promised to fight corruption, help the poor and build millions of flats for low-income families.

A nurse named Sahebiyan said she backed the frontrunner for his anti-graft credentials and on hopes he would “move the country forward … and save the people from economic, cultural and social deprivation”.

Raisi has been named in Iranian media as a possible successor to Khamenei.

To opposition and human rights groups, his name is linked to the mass execution of political prisoners in 1988. The US government has sanctioned him over the purge, in which Raisi has denied playing a part.

Ultimate power in Iran, since its 1979 revolution toppled the US-backed monarchy, rests with the supreme leader, but the president wields major influence in fields from industrial policy to foreign affairs.

Rouhani, 72, leaves office in August after serving the maximum two consecutive four-year-terms allowed under the constitution.

His landmark achievement was the 2015 deal with world powers under which Iran agreed to limit its nuclear programme in return for sanctions relief.

But high hopes for greater prosperity were crushed in 2018 when then-US president Donald Trump withdrew from the accord and launched a “maximum pressure” sanctions campaign against Iran.

While Iran has always denied seeking a nuclear weapon, Trump charged it is still planning to build the bomb and destabilising the Middle East through armed proxy groups in Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen.

As old and new US sanctions hit Iran, trade dried up and foreign companies bolted. The economy nosedived and spiralling prices fuelled repeated bouts of social unrest which were put down by security forces.

Iran’s ultraconservative camp – which deeply distrusts the United States, labelled the “Great Satan” or the “Global Arrogance” in the Islamic republic – attacked Rouhani over the failing deal.

Despite this, there is broad agreement among all the candidates including Raisi that Iran must seek an end to the US sanctions in ongoing talks in Vienna aiming to revive the nuclear accord.

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