Personal Independence Payment (PIP ) is a benefit for people aged over 16 and under State Pension age who need help with daily living tasks or getting around as a result of a disability or long-term illness.

The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) could award you between £23.60 and £151.40 per week to help with these costs, usually paid every four weeks, and the amount you get depends on how your condition affects you - not the condition itself.

How much PIP you will be paid depends on how difficult it is for you to carry out certain daily tasks including preparing and eating food, washing and getting dressed, basic toilet needs and moving around - inside and outside the home.

A PIP award can be indefinite, but is usually for a fixed period. The length depends on an assessment of how likely it is that your daily living and mobility needs may change over time.

PIP is made up of two parts - a daily living component and a mobility component, you may be able to claim one or both of these depending on your circumstances.

If you have claimed for PIP and received an award letter, it will tell you what components you are entitled to and how much you will receive.

It will also tell you how long you will get this payment for.

PIP can be a lifeline of additional financial support for people with a long-term illness, disability or mental health condition

If you are awarded PIP for a fixed period, you will be invited to reapply before the award comes to an end – typically 12 months before the end of the period.

If you receive either or both enhanced rates of PIP and your health condition is unlikely to improve, you may be given an ongoing award of PIP in what is referred to as a ‘light touch’ review - this means your award will be reviewed every 10 years.

Keep this award letter in a safe place as it is proof of your entitlement.

Is the amount of PIP I receive reviewed?

Your award of PIP may be reviewed by the DWP at any time, usually every 12 months, even if you have an award for a fixed amount of time.

In some cases, when the DWP reviews your claim, you may receive a letter. This will ask you to complete and return an attached PIP review form before the date shown on the letter.

If you don’t send the form back in time, the DWP will stop your claim unless you have a good reason for sending it in late - you will need to tell them why you sent the form late.

When the DWP receives your PIP review form, they will decide whether your claim should stop or continue.

What if something changes?

Your PIP award might change if something in your life changes. For example, if your health gets better, your PIP may go down or stop.  If your health gets worse, your PIP award may increase. 

It’s up to you to tell the DWP when your condition gets better or worse.

If you don’t tell the DWP at the time, you could miss out on benefits that you are entitled to or you could be overpaid benefits that you would have to pay back.

If you don't tell the DWP about changes when you should, you may be investigated for fraud.

If you disagree with a decision

You can challenge a decision about your PIP claim, this is called asking for mandatory reconsideration.

Details about this can be found on the Gov.uk website here.

What happens if I go into hospital?

If you are 18 or over, your PIP stops after you have been a patient in hospital for 28 consecutive days. It starts again after you have been discharged.

What happens if I go into a care home?

The daily living component of your PIP stops after you have been living in a care home for 28 days. It starts again if and when you leave to live independently. 

The mobility component of PIP continues to be paid as normal however long you live in a care home.

PIP doesn't last forever, but other benefits can replace the financial support

What happens as I get older?

Getting older does not stop your PIP award but it can stop you from renewing your claim or making a new claim.

If you are over State Pension age and you want your PIP to continue, make sure you renew your claim when your current award ends.

If you are over State Pension age and your last award of PIP ended over a year ago, you cannot renew your claim or make a new claim.

You may be able to claim Attendance Allowance instead but this does not include a mobility component.

For more information about PIP, visit the Gov.uk website here.

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