United Kingdom

Train named after civil rights activist to help mark...

A train has been named in honour of civil rights pioneer Paul Stephenson as part of Black History Month celebrations.

Dr Stephenson, 83, who was born in Essex to a West African father and British mother, served in the RAF before moving to Bristol in 1960, where he became the city's first black social worker.

In 1963, he led the Bristol Bus Boycott, which saw campaigners overturn a ban on ethnic minorities working on the city's buses.

Dr Stephenson, 83, (pictured) moved to Bristol in 1960, where he became the city's first black social worker

He was made an OBE in 2009 for his services to equal opportunities and to community relations in Bristol, and received a Pride of Britain Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2017.

Dr Stephenson was nominated for the train naming by the public and members of staff at Great Western Railway (GWR), as part of the company's Great Westerners campaign to recognise past and present heroes from across the network.

On Friday morning, GWR hosted a naming ceremony of train number 800036 at Bristol Temple Meads to pay tribute to Dr Stephenson's lifetime of campaigning.

On Friday morning, GWR hosted a naming ceremony of train number 800036 at Bristol Temple Meads to pay tribute to Dr Stephenson's lifetime of campaigning

Dr Stephenson was nominated for the train naming by the public and members of staff at Great Western Railway as part of the company's Great Westerners campaign to recognise past and present heroes from across the network

'This is such a wonderful gesture and one I'm delighted to accept. I feel very proud to be considered by GWR as one of its Great Westerners,' Dr Stephenson said.

'History is very important for understanding who we are, what's happening to us today and where our vision is for tomorrow.

'It is vital to take ownership of our history and to revisit it from time to time to ensure we have a clearer picture of our time and understanding of our humanity.'

Dr Paul  Stephenson's (pictured in the middle by a bus in the 60s) campaigns were instrumental in paving the way for the first Race Relations Act in 1965 

Others to be honoured on GWR's Intercity Express Trains include the Queen, Bristol paramedic Kathryn Osmond – who fought to raise awareness of the skin cancer melanoma – and Fleur Lombard, the first female firefighter to die on duty in peacetime Britain.

George 'Johnny' Johnson, the last surviving British member of the Dambusters raid, will also be celebrated.

Jean Cook and Anthony Chitomera, co-chairs of GWR's Recognising Ethnicity and Cultural Heritage (Reach) network, said: 'As a BAME staff network within GWR, Reach was keen to recognise his lifelong tenacity in knocking down obstacles to equality, inclusion and representation in the workplace.

Dr Stephenson (left) was made an OBE in 2009 for his services to equal opportunities and to community relations in Bristol, and received a Pride of Britain Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2017

The Bristol Bus Boycott of 1963 

Dr Stephenson led the boycott in 1963

The Bristol Bus Boycott of 1963 began when the Bristol Omnibus Company refused to employ black or Asian bus staff in Bristol.

Discrimination was not uncommon as there was widespread racial discrimination in housing and employment at that time against 'coloureds'.

Paul Stephenson together with the West Indian Development Council boycotted the company's buses.

The boycott lasted for four months until the company backed down and overturned their decision to employ 'coloured' staff.

The campaign bought about national attention including from politicians. 

The Bristol Bus Boycott is considered to have helped influence n the passing the Race Relations Act 1965 which ruled 'racial discrimination unlawful in public places'.

'His courage and determination changed the way we all live for the better. It is our duty to continue his efforts, recognising his work through our deeds. Reaching for a better future for all.'

Marvin Rees, the Mayor of Bristol, said he was 'delighted' that GWR had chosen to honour Dr Stephenson.

'Black History Month gives us an opportunity to celebrate Black contributions to British society and it is fitting that GWR will be adding Dr Stephenson to the list of those Great Westerners whose names adorn its trains,' he said.

In 1964, Dr Stephenson achieved national fame when he refused to leave a pub until he was served.

This resulted in a magistrates' court trial that was dismissed.

His campaigns were instrumental in paving the way for the first Race Relations Act in 1965.

He later worked for the Commission for Racial Equality in London and was appointed to the Sports Council in 1975, where he campaigned prominently against sporting contacts with apartheid South Africa.

On his return to Bristol, he helped set up the Bristol Black Archives Partnership, which protects and promotes the history of African-Caribbean people in Bristol.

Dr Stephenson was granted Freedom of the City of Bristol in 2007.

James Freeman, First West of England managing director, said: 'I am delighted to see Dr Paul being recognised in this way for his supremely important achievements.

'Today I am proud that within our own team, we have a relative of one of the successful protesters who campaigned with Paul to eradicate the systemic discrimination against black and minority ethnic people that took place by the operators who owned and managed the bus companies during that dreadful period of history.'

Football news:

Neymar will extend his contract with PSG if the club sign Messi (Mundo Deportivo)
Lewandowski Pro Champions League: one win is not enough. Bayern are still hungry
Messi named best striker of 2020, Lewandowski named best nine (ESPN)
Lewandowski on the cancellation Of the Golden ball 2020: Many people know that I had the best season. I'm glad everyone saw it
City had a row with Porto over a report on the website: the Portuguese attacked Pep and Fernandinho, and Silva was accused of racism
Jose Mourinho: I'm 57, very young. I will train for another 10-15 years
Davis is named the best player in Canada in 2020