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Taiwan's president becomes first to reveal US troops ARE on the island threat from China increasing

Taiwan's president has confirmed that American troops are on the island of Taiwan training the Taiwanese military.

Tsai Ing-wen also said that she has 'faith' the United States would defend the island against a Chinese attack, as Beijing and Washington trade barbs over Taipei's place on the global stage.

Biden last week told a televised forum that the United States was ready to defend Taiwan from any Chinese invasion. 

Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen said she has 'faith' that the United States will defend the island in the event China launches a military strike

During an interview broadcast on CNN the president also revealed that American troops are on Taiwanese soil training Taiwan's military

China considers Taiwan, where nationalist forces fled in 1949 after losing a civil war to the communists, to be a province awaiting reunification, by force if necessary

China considers Taiwan, where nationalist forces fled in 1949 after losing a civil war to the communists,  to be a province awaiting reunification, by force if necessary.

During the CNN interview, when asked if she was confident that the United States would help defend Taiwan if necessary against China, Tsai replied: 'I do have faith.'

She highlighted the 'wide range of cooperation with the US aiming at increasing our defense capability,' including the US military training of Taiwanese forces. There are 32 members of the US military currently in Taiwan.

China is regularly setting records with its numerous warplane flights near the island.

The United States and China are stepping up their war of words over Taiwan in a long-simmering dispute that has significant implications for the power dynamic in the Indo-Pacific and beyond. Pictured, a file photo provided by U.S. Coast Guard shows Legend-class U.S. Coast Guard National Security Cutter Munro (WMSL 755) transiting the Taiwan Strait during a routine transit with Arleigh Burke class guided-missile destroyer USS Kidd (DDG 100)

Tsai told CNN that despite China's aggressive posturing, she is willing to meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping in order to 'reduce misunderstanding' and address the differences in their political systems.

'We can sit down and talk about our differences, and try to make arrangements so that we will be able to co-exist peacefully,' she said.

At the East Asia summit, attended by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, Biden said the United States was 'deeply concerned by China's coercive and proactive actions... across the Taiwan Strait.'

Such actions 'threaten regional peace and stability,' Biden told the closed-door session.

US President Joe Biden aimed stern words at Beijing during an Asian summit, saying China's actions near Taiwan 'threaten regional peace and stability'

Under President Xi Jinping, who is also Communist Party leader and head of the armed forces, China has been stepping up military, diplomatic and economic pressure on Taiwan. 

Over its National Day weekend at the beginning of the month, China sent a record 149 military aircraft southwest of Taiwan in strike group formations, prompting Taiwan to scramble aircraft and activate its air defense missile systems.

China has also recently held beach landing exercises on its side of the roughly 100-mile-wide Taiwan Strait, which, like the aircraft incursions, it described as a warning to Tsai Ing-wen's administration.

The United States switched diplomatic recognition in 1979 to Beijing.

But the US Congress at the same time approved the Taiwan Relations Act, which obligated the supply of weapons to the island for its self-defense.

Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen said she hopes that China and Taiwan can 'co-exist peacefully' despite the current knife-edge atmosphere

The US does not openly contest China's claim to Taiwan, but is committed by law to ensure the island can defend itself and to treat all threats toward it as matters of grave concern. 

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Tuesday reiterated that the United States still recognized only Beijing, but he emphasized Taiwan's democratic credentials in asking that it be allowed a greater involvement in UN agencies.

'Taiwan has become a democratic success story,' Blinken said. 'We are among the many UN member states who view Taiwan as a valued partner and trusted friend.'

'Taiwan's meaningful participation in the UN system is not a political issue, but a pragmatic one,' Blinken said.

'That is why we encourage all UN member states to join us in supporting Taiwan's robust, meaningful participation throughout the UN system and in the international community.'

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, seen on a visit to Colombia on October 20, 2021, has called for Taiwan's greater inclusion in UN institutions

Blinken pointed to Taiwan's exclusion from meetings associated with the International Civil Aviation Organization and the World Health Organization.

He noted that Taiwan was hailed for its 'world-class' response to Covid-19 -- which largely spared the island after early intervention -- and that tens of millions of passengers go through Taiwanese airports each year.

China responded to Blinken's statement with strident, albeit familiar, statements emphasizing its position that Taiwan's government had no place on the world's diplomatic stage.

'Taiwan has no right to join the United Nations,' Ma Xiaoguang, spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office in Beijing, told reporters.

'The United Nations is an international governmental organization composed of sovereign states... Taiwan is a part of China.'

Only 14 nations, all in the developing world, and the Vatican maintain diplomatic relations with Taiwan. 

The tensions between the U.S. and China come as the Pentagon's top general said that China's recent test of an earth-circling hypersonic missile was akin to the Soviet Union's stunning launch of the world's first satellite, Sputnik, in 1957, which sparked the superpowers' space race. 

'What we saw was a very significant event of a test of a hypersonic weapon system. And it is very concerning. I don't know if it's quite a Sputnik moment, but I think it's very close to that,' United States Army General Mark A. Milley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said

China, the US and Russia are engaged in a global arms race that now includes the development of hypersonic missile technology. Here, DailyMail.com has compared (from left) each country's main nuclear weapon, the latest hypersonic technology they have tested, their most up-to-date aircraft carriers, main battle tanks, and cutting-edge jets

Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, confirmed for the first time the Chinese test of a nuclear-capable missile that would be very difficult to defend against.

'What we saw was a very significant event of a test of a hypersonic weapon system. And it is very concerning,' Milley told Bloomberg TV.

'I don't know if it's quite a Sputnik moment, but I think it's very close to that,' he said.

'It's a very significant technological event that occurred... and it has all of our attention.'

The US Department of Defense had previously declined to confirm the test, first reported on October 16.

Hypersonic weapons are the new frontier in missile technology, because they fly lower and so are harder to detect than ballistic missiles, can reach targets more quickly, and are maneuverable

The August test launch appeared to catch Washington by surprise.

The missile circled the Earth at a low altitude and a velocity of more than five times the speed of sound, although it missed its target by more than 19 miles. 

China denied the report, saying it was a routine test of a reusable space vehicle.

Hypersonics are the new frontier in missile technology, because they fly lower and so are harder to detect than ballistic missiles, can reach targets more quickly, and are maneuverable.

That makes them more dangerous, particularly if mounted with nuclear warheads.

China launched the dummy weapon into space on board a Long March 2C rocket (pictured) during a test in mid-August which it did not disclose at the time and was only revealed at the weekend by security analysts assigned to work out its purpose

What is the new 'weapon' that China has tested?

Intelligence sources say Beijing has tested two nuclear-capable hypersonic vehicles that flew around the planet in low-Earth orbit before coming back down.

If confirmed - Beijing denies it, saying it actually tested a civilian spacecraft - then it marks a major jump in the country's nuclear program, though the concept itself is nothing new.

The idea behind China's 'new' weapon actually came from the Soviets, who developed it during the Cold War. 

Called a Fractional Orbital Bombardment System, or FOBS, it was designed to evade powerful US radar arrays and missile defense systems.

Those systems work by detecting launches of ICBMs - very long-range missiles that can be tipped with nuclear warheads - tracking them into space and then firing at the warheads as they come down in the hope of blowing them up before they hit their targets.

This is possible because ICBMs and their warheads follow a predictable trajectory that rises high above the horizon - making them relatively easy to spot and allowing defense crews to calculate where they are aimed so they can be shot out of the sky. 

FOBS is designed to negate these defenses by firing warheads along a much-flatter trajectory that is assisted by Earth's gravity. 

This means the warheads pass under the scope of many radar detection arrays and are harder to track. It also makes the warheads much harder to shoot down because their trajectory is harder to calculate.  

In addition, using orbit to carry the warheads makes their range potentially unlimited, meaning they can be fired at its target from any direction. 

This helps to avoid radar systems which are generally pointed at a fixed spot in the sky - in America's case, over the North Pole.

Soviet Russia had a FOBS system - comprising, at its peak, of 18 R-36O missiles - which were active from 1969 until 1983 when it scuttled the program in response to changes in America's missile defense systems.

China now appears to be pursuing the technology anew, while coupling it with a new 'hypersonic glide vehicle' to carry the warheads.

The 'HGV' is thought to make the warhead easier to maneuver while in orbit and increase its accuracy. Despite its 'hypersonic' name, it actually travels much slower than ICMB warheads - some 3,800mph compared to 15,000mph+ for 'traditional' nukes.

Russia and the US are both developing HGVs of their own, though neither has put them to use in the same way as Beijing. 

Moscow has one that can be fitted to its latest Satan 2 ICBM, while the US is working on one that can be launched from a B-52 bomber - though two recent tests of the system have failed.