United Kingdom

Is England heading for a HALF-TERM lockdown?

Matt Hancock today admitted that a new national Covid crackdown is on the cards - with speculation that half-term could be extended in a bid to 'short-circuit' infections.

The Health Secretary pleaded with the public to 'come together to tackle this virus' as ministers consider imposing draconian restrictions for a fortnight in a bid to stop the spread.

Pubs, restaurants and hotels facing being shut to prevent 'significant' casualties - but no final decisions have been made as ministers wrangle over the impact on the economy. Chancellor Rishi Sunak is believed to have raised concerns about the consequences of a full lockdown at a meeting yesterday.

One option under consideration is believed to be timing the curbs for the half-term holidays in October, and extending the break to a fortnight. That would minimise the harm to children, many of whom have already seen their education seriously disrupted. 

However, it is not clear whether the government can wait that long as cases surge, doubling every eight days. Schools and workplaces could instead stay open instead while the rest of society is subject to restrictions. 

In a round of interviews this morning, Mr Hancock said a national lockdown was the 'last line of defence'. But he warned that it was a 'big moment for the country' and the situation was 'deadly serious'. Unless the 'Rule of Six' restrictions worked more would have to be done, he warned.

'The virus is clearly accelerating across the country,' Mr Hancock told Sky News. 'We have got to take the necessary action to keep people safe. We will do what it takes to keep people safe.'  

It comes as 10million people are told to follow new lockdown rules as Lancashire is placed under curfew alongside the North East.

The drastic steps are on the table as concerns grow about the shambolic testing system, with claims the Government's seven 'lighthouse labs' are in chaos due to shortages of staff and equipment. 

A leading scientist warned that 'testing is dying on its a**e', adding he was 'appalled by what I saw' at the labs.  

Concerns over new national rules come as:

A group of revellers enjoy a night out in Newcastle city tonight, the last evening before lockdown measures are brought in

How could the 'circuit breaker' work? 

The government is mulling what has been described as a 'circuit breaker' in a bid to stem the spread of coronavirus.

But it would not be quite as draconian as the lockdown that was imposed at the previous height of the crisis in March.

Instead it would be similar to the lockdowns that have been introduced locally in areas with high infection levels. 

Curfews and restrictions on activities could be brought in nationwide for perhaps a fortnight, in the hope that short sharp action can break the chain of transmission.

Pubs and restaurants could either be ordered to close altogether, or have their opening hours severely restricted. 

But non-essential shops and workplaces would stay open, to avoid further disastrous damage to the economy. 

Schools would also be kept going, after ministers warned of the massive impact on the prospects of pupils. 

However, there is speculation the curbs could be introduced over the half-term at the end of October - if the government can wait that long with cases doubling every eight days.

The Government's chief science and medical officers have warned that another serious outbreak of coronavirus could lead to a significant number of deaths by the end of next month.

They could involve restrictions on activities in public space and either the closure of pubs and restaurants or tough curfews.  

Confirming the SAGE advisory board had considered the option, one scientist on the panel told the FT: 'As schools will be closed for one week at half-term, adding an extra week to that will have limited impact on education.'

Recent analysis from Imperial College London suggests Covid-19 rates are doubling every seven to eight days.

The unnamed scientist warned rising coronavirus levels could 'break the NHS', criticising the Government's test-and-trace system by warning it was 'creaking at the seams'.

On Wednesday, Boris Johnson told a committee of MPs: 'I don't want a second national lockdown. I think it would be completely wrong for this country and we are going to do everything in our power to prevent it.' 

But the Government's Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Modelling (SPI-M) has been considering a two-week shutdown in October.

Asked about the prospect of blanket curbs, Mr Hancock said: 'It isn't something that we ever take off the table, but it isn't something that we want to see either.

'The country once again needs to come together and recognise there is a serious challenge. That the virus is accelerating.

'Unfortunately, it isn't just cases increasing, it's also the number of people ending up in hospital increasing.' 

Mr Hancock also dismissed rumours that Mr Johnson was 'exhausted and defeated' by his workload, months after recovering from coronavirus.

He said the PM remained 'enormously vigorous' and that the seriousness of the decisions taken by the Government should not be overestimated.

'(He's) enormously vigorous and I think it's important to recognise that this is a really big moment,' he told Times Radio.

'The seriousness of the decisions we take can't be overestimated and we're making judgments about how to protect the health of the nation and how to save tens of thousands of lives whilst balancing that with the enormous social and economic and health impacts of the measures that we have to take.

'These are huge decisions and very weighty ones and so it's hugely understandable that the people making them should be taking them extremely seriously.'

Restrictions are being announced later today for almost all of Lancashire, coming into force tomorrow.

But the BBC this morning said the government was considering extending the curfews across the whole of England after Chief Medical Officer Professor Chris Whitty and Chief Scientific Officer Sir Patrick Vallance warned of another significant outbreak if precautions are not stepped up. 

Drinkers flocked to watering holes in the northeast last night after Matt Hancock confirmed the region would be hit by a 10pm curfew on pubs and bars starting tonight.

Dido Harding claims demand for testing is up to four times capacity 

Baroness Dido Harding (right) was grilled by MPs

Demand for Covid tests is up to four times the system's capacity, Baroness Harding admitted today.

The Tory peer revealed the staggering mismatch between the number of people wanting tests and the ability to carry them out as she claimed 27 per cent have no symptoms.

Extraordinarily. she said no-one had 'expected' the 'sizeable' increase in demand - although it was widely predicted, blaming SAGE for getting their estimates wrong.

Lady Harding has been hauled before MPs to explain the shambles that has left thousands struggling to get checked.

She told the Science Committee that she did not have precise numbers for how many people wanted tests. But she said phone calls and website visits suggested it was 'three to four times the number of tests we have available'.

Brazenly passing the buck for the chaos, Lady Harding said: 'We built our capacity plans based on SAGE modelling for what we should be preparing for in the Autumn.'

Lady Harding confirmed the capacity now for diagnostic tests is just under 243,000 per day - a figure that the government has failed to publish for more than a week. Thousands of tests are being sent abroad to be processed, she said.

She said the government was 'on track' to increase capacity to 500,000 tests a day by the end of October - although that would cover all types of tests, not just for whether people currently have coronavirus.

And she conceded that will not be enough. 'I am certain we will need more as we go beyond the end of October,' she said. 

Around 9.2 million Britons have already been put under tougher local lockdown restrictions because of a spike in cases of coronavirus, but that figure could be about to rise beyond 10million. 

The Northeast saw a busy night in bars before its curfew came into force at midnight, meaning different households are prevented from mixing and making pubs and restaurants close at 10pm.

The city of Preston, along with towns including Blackburn, Burnley, Lancaster and Morecambe are expected to be included in the new curfew. Blackpool will be exempted, it was reported. 

Locals are also set to be told to only use buses and trains for essential trips such as to work, school and health appointments, according to LancsLive.

It is not yet known why Blackpool is expected to be excluded from the otherwise county-wide restrictions.  

It comes as pubs, bars and restaurants in all the affected areas in the North East —Northumberland, North Tyneside, South Tyneside Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gateshead, Sunderland and County Durham — are now only allowed to offer table service. 

Sean Southern from The Gateshead Arms told MailOnline of the impact the new restrictions are likely to have on business.

He said: 'We used to be open until 12.30am, then because of Covid we reduced that to 11pm and now we're being told we have to shut at 10pm.

'Those hours are absolutely crucial for us, and probably our busiest time for those who want to have a few drinks before going further afield or going home.

'There's a few bars in the area which have closed down over the last few weeks and so we've sort of taken on those customers as well as our regulars recently.

'Things seemed to be getting better and then all of a sudden we're told last night that there's going to be big changes and we haven't really had time to prepare.

'People forget that closing at 10pm also has an impact on staff who might have wanted to pick up a few extra hours.'

Some 2,350 pubs and restaurants ware affected by the measures, according to real estate adviser Altus Group. 

Speaking about the number of Britons under lockdown rules hitting 10million, shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth said: 'Labour warned months ago that unless the Government spent the summer fixing the testing regime then we would face a bleak winter.

'The Government ignored that advice, the testing regime is collapsing and so it is not surprising national restrictions are back on the table.'

The government is facing a growing backlash as the 'world class' testing system creaks under the pressure of rising cases.

Mounting requests for swabs as children return to school and workers head back to their desks, together with logistical chaos, has caused havoc. 

Testing tsar Baroness Dido Harding revealed yesterday that demand for Covid screening is up to four times the system's capacity. 

And extraordinarily, she claimed that no-one had predicted the spike in demand - blaming the modelling from the government's own SAGE experts.

Science committee chair Greg Clark told the Tory peer that her words were 'dispiriting', pointing out it was obvious that there would be a huge surge in demand. 

A reveller has her temperature checked by a bouncer before entering a venue in Newcastle city centre this evening

Health Secretary Matt Hancock (pictured on Sky News today) pleaded with the public to 'come together to tackle this virus' as ministers consider imposing draconian restrictions for a fortnight in a 'circuit break' to stop the spread

No staff at test centre on the same day the new measures were announced 

Dozens of drivers turned up at a test site to find there were no staff to swab them, on the day the Health Secretary announced tougher coronavirus measures for people in the north-east.

People who had booked a test on Thursday at Doxford Park, an out-of-town business park in Sunderland, were told by the media they would not be tested, as there were no officials there to inform them.

Some had been turned away on the approach to the centre by security guards, who told them the computers had crashed and to try again later.

HGV mechanic Brad Cockburn, 28, made a 100-mile round trip from Bedale, North Yorkshire, only to find there were no staff, not even a tent or other infrastructure, at the site on the out-of-town business park.

He said: 'There's no organisation, it's piss-poor performance as usual.'

Rob Reid, a 58-year-old cash and carry manager from Sunderland, booked for 3.45pm, only to find there were no staff.

He said: 'It annoys me. My concern is about my health and it comes across that the Government is not that concerned, when they are taking bookings on the NHS website and there's nobody here to do it.'

However, deeper problems have been highlighted in the government's processes today, with claims the 'Lighthouse' lab centres are in turmoil. 

Genomics scientist and inventor Phil Robinson told The Times they were poorly managed, running out of staff and failed to set up automatic processes before a second wave of infections. 

He told the paper: 'Every part of the process was poor. The other ludicrous issue they have is they have 20 different types of tube coming into the lab. When you are running a high throughput lab it's only sensible to have one. Why they haven't standardised that I have no idea.'

Lady Harding admitted yesterday that they were trying to automate far more of the processes. 

Dozens of drivers turned up at a test site yesterday to find there were no staff to swab them, on the same day the tougher measures were announced.

People who had booked a test on Thursday at Doxford Park, an out-of-town business park in Sunderland, were told by the media they would not be tested, as there were no officials there to inform them.

Some had been turned away on the approach to the centre by security guards, who told them the computers had crashed and to try again later.  

Around two million people live in the seven authorities, of which only three — Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Sunderland and Gateshead — were formally named on Public Health England's most up-to-date watchlist. 

Council bosses argue they needed tougher measures across the region to prevent a full-blown lockdown and save lives. 

Labour MPs in the North East welcomed the new measures outlined by Mr Hancock, while urging the Government to work better with local councils.

In a joint letter to the minister, they said: 'We do (...) believe that this must be done in close collaboration with local authorities, who must have access to all appropriate information, data and support in order to make the best decisions for their areas.'

Mr Hancock's announcement came after measures in the likes of Greater Manchester and Birmingham were put in place in a bid to address rising rates of infection.

Meanwhile, at the Doxford Park site, drivers continued to turn up while others sat in the car park working out what to do next.

HGV mechanic Brad Cockburn, 28, made a 100-mile round trip from Bedale, North Yorkshire, only to find there were no staff, not even a tent or other infrastructure, at the site on the out-of-town business park.

He said: 'There's no organisation, it's piss-poor performance as usual.' 

What are the new restrictions for the North East?

Matt Hancock announced in the Commons that Northumberland, North Tyneside, South Tyneside, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gateshead, Sunderland and County Durham will be subject to new restrictions from midnight tonight to curb the spread of the virus. The new restrictions are:

People have also been advised to adhere to the following guidelines:

The Health Secretary said they were necessary to stop the spread of the virus and prevent another lockdown.

Rob Reid, a 58-year-old cash and carry manager from Sunderland, booked for 3.45pm, only to find there were no staff.

He said: 'It annoys me. My concern is about my health and it comes across that the Government is not that concerned, when they are taking bookings on the NHS website and there's nobody here to do it.'

Police said they will enforce the lockdown measures as a last resort.

Superintendent Steve Long, of Durham Constabulary, said: 'The Government has announced that further local restrictions are necessary in addition to those already in place nationally.

'We would like to thank the vast majority of people who have taken personal responsibility, done the right thing and stuck to the guidance over the last few months.

'Our officers will continue to engage with the public, explain the new regulations and encourage people to act responsibly: only then will we move to enforcement as a last resort.' 

Around 9.2million people across the UK are now in areas of intervention, including parts of Greater Manchester, Leicester and Scotland. 

But neither Middlesbrough and Hartlepool in the North East, two other authorities officially named as a hotspot by Public Health England, were hit by the tough new measures. 

The announcement comes amid fears thousands of students returning to university in the area could cause cases to rise even further. 

Around 40,000 students are expected to flock back to Newcastle University in the coming days, as well as nearly 20,000 to Durham University. 

Rising numbers of infections in London and Leeds have prompted warnings the cities may soon head in the same direction as the North East with additional restrictions. 

And in North Yorkshire 'full emergency mode' has been declared after cases surged by 167 per cent in the first week of September. 

Coronavirus cases have been increasing rapidly across NE England. Newcastle has recorded a sharp rise in its weekly infection rate, up from 51.2 cases for every 100,000 people to 64.1 in the seven days to September 13

Local authority watchlist - Is your home town on the list?

KEY: Infection rate per 100,000. Are cases rising or falling? Have special measures been taken? 

Bolton: 121.9 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Bradford: 72.2 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Oldham: 66.6 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Salford: 62.3 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Blackburn with Darwen: 61.8 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Preston: 59.9 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Pendle: 58 per 100,000. Falling. Intervention.

Rochdale: 57.7 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Tameside: 56.8 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Manchester: 56.8 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Birmingham: 50.8 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Bury: 46.8 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Leicester: 43.1 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Kirklees: 36.9 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Solihull: 34.9 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Calderdale: 34.3 per 100,000. Rising. Intervention.

Trafford: 31.3 per 100,000. Falling. Intervention.

Sandwell: 22.6 per 100,000. Falling. Intervention.

Rossendale: 80.4 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Burnley: 57.6 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

South Tyneside: 50.6 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Leeds: 47.3 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Hyndburn: 42.1 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Gateshead: 40.5 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Sunderland: 32.4 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: 28 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Stockport: 20.2 per 100,000. Rising. Enhanced support.

Hertsmere: 53.7 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Wirral: 43.6 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Middlesbrough: 42 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Hartlepool: 38.6 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Corby: 35.3 per 100,000. Falling. Concern.

Liverpool: 31.1 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Sefton: 31.1 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Knowsley: 30.1 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Sheffield: 28.5 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Peterborough: 27.9 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Northampton: 25.8 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Stoke-on-Trent: 25 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

St. Helens: 23.3 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Great Yarmouth: 23.1 per 100,000. Falling. Concern.

Norwich: 20.5 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

Swindon: 16.7 per 100,000. Falling. Concern.

Breckland: 16.5 per 100,000. Falling. Concern.

South Norfolk: 10.9 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

King's Lynn and West Norfolk: 4 per 100,000. Level. Concern.

Broadland: 3.1 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

North Norfolk: 2.9 per 100,000. Rising. Concern.

ENGLAND: 19.7 per 100,000. Rising. 

Source: Public Health England

The Prime Minister yesterday pleaded for Brits to 'save Christmas' by obeying his 'Rule of Six', warning that lockdown will only get stricter if the UK does not 'flatten the hump of the camel'. 

Ministers batted away claims that chief medical officer Chris Whitty is pushing for a two-week national lockdown. 

But it has now emerged that the prospect is real - albeit the restrictions would not be as draconian as those imposed in March.

Leading experts have insisted the current spike in Covid-19 cases is nowhere near the scale of what was seen during the darkest days of the crisis in March and April, with one telling MailOnline: 'We are not near the stage of the peak.'  

Meanwhile, the Government is expected to announce tighter restrictions on care home visits in areas with high numbers of coronavirus cases.

Care homes in areas subject to local lockdowns may be advised to temporarily restrict visits in all but end-of-life situations, it is understood.

For parts of the country where there is no local lockdown, but where community transmission is a cause for concern, an option officials are considering is advising that visits are restricted to one designated visitor per resident.

The Government will set out further details of its social care action plan to help fight the spread of coronavirus over winter.

The Financial Times reported that leading scientists advising the UK Government have proposed a two-week national lockdown in October to tackle the rising number of Covid-19 cases.

The experts, from the Government's Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage) and the Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Modelling (Spi-m), have suggested a lockdown to coincide with the October school half-term, it added.

Newcastle City Council has sent proposals to the Department of Health for pubs and restaurants to close at 10pm and for people to be banned from socialising outside their bubble.

London could be 'weeks away' from further restrictions as its infection rate has started to double every two weeks. Redbridge, in north-east London, has the highest rate of coronavirus infections at 38 per 100,000. It is followed by Hounslow, in the south-west, with 34.6 per 100,000, and Barking and Dagenham, also in the east, at 31.5 per 100,000. 

Cllr Peter John, chairman of London councils, said he is 'massively worried' authorities will be forced to enact further restrictions as cases are 'only going in one direction and only going to speed up'. Kevin Fenton, PHE's director for London, has suggested that curfews could also be deployed in the capital.

London boroughs have the power to order local lockdowns but, as people tend to move between local authority areas to work or study, it is not clear how this restriction would work. 

A No10 spokesman said: 'Specifically in London, no restrictions are currently planned, the important thing is we ask people to remain vigilant and comply with the rule of six.

'We will always keep the transmission rate under review and any measures that we deem required'.

Leeds has been told it has entered a 'critical phase' in transmission. 

Council chief executive Tom Riordan yesterday said they are in a 'live situation' where cases are rising. Dozens of regions in the UK, including Greater Manchester and Leicester, have already been hit with local lockdowns. 

North Yorkshire has been put into 'full emergency mode', meaning testing facilities have been redirected to areas of greatest need, care homes receiving extra support and the brakes put onto the reopening of social care day services.

The North Yorkshire Local Resilience Forum - which includes emergency services, local authorities and the NHS - has labelled Selby, Harrogate and parts of Scarborough and Craven as places of concern owing to rising case numbers.

Richard Flinton, the chair of North Yorkshire's resilience forum has warned they are seeing a 'worrying rise' in cases as he called on the whole county to 'act now' to stop the spread of the virus. 

Mr Flinton said: 'We thank everybody again for their many sacrifices. 

'However, as we have seen nationally and around the world, cases are rising again and the threat of the virus is a real and present danger.'

 'We know how quickly infection rates can change and we are calling on the whole county to act now with us in response.

'Please show extra restraint and caution and to take additional actions above and beyond those required nationally to help us try to avoid another lockdown here.'

Government sources have told The Telegraph that Boris Johnson is desperate to tackle rising cases through placing a curfew on the hospitality sector. Downing Street officials insisted all options were still be on table, despite warnings that ordering pubs to close early — like has been done in Bolton — would be 'devastating'. 

The action comes amid warnings that schools could be forced to close by default in the coming weeks because of a massive shortage of tests across the UK. 

'Lockdown is the only thing that we know works, to be frank,' one government science adviser told ITV.

The dire prospect has been raised amid fears that the disease is on the verge of spiralling out of control again.

Although cases have spiked to nearly 4,000 a day, it had been mainly among younger people, who are less likely to be badly affected. 

But now Covid-19 cases are soaring among middle-aged people in England and have risen by upwards of 90 per cent in a fortnight as the outbreak continues to grow.

Public Health England (PHE) data reveals 23.4 cases are now diagnosed for every 100,000 people aged between 40 and 49 — up from 12.4 at the end of August. And coronavirus infection rates have nearly doubled in just a week for people in their fifties, jumping from 10.9 to 20. 

The 'Rule of Six' imposed by Boris Johnson on Monday makes it illegal to have larger gatherings, although in Scotland and Wales children under 12 do not need to be counted in the numbers. 

Ministers have suggested they are following the example of Belgium, where a surge appears to have been tackled using tight limits on gatherings and curfews. 

A senior member of the government told ITV's Robert Peston that there was 'no possibility of us waiting for the death rate to rise before we act'.

London's infection rate 'doubles every fortnight'

Passengers commute on the busy London underground

London's infection rate is doubling every two weeks, the chair of the capital's councils has warned.

Sounding a grim note Cllr Peter John told Times Radio he was 'massively worried' about further restrictions being hiked on the city in the coming weeks.

'We are seeing in London at the moment infection rates doubling every fortnight,' he said. 'It is only going in one direction and only going to speed up.'

He also warned that testing rates for London had been cut by a fifth, leaving authorities less able to stop emerging infection spikes.

It comes amid mounting concerns the return of more than half a million students could cause an additional spike in infections.

A No10 spokesman told the Sun: 'Specifically in London, no restrictions are currently planned, the important thing is we ask people to remain vigilant and comply with the rule of six.

'We will always keep the transmission rate under review and any measures that we deem required'.

Government data shows the number of cases has been rising in the capital since late July, but began to surge upwards at the end of August. 

The largest number of cases has been recorded in those aged 25 to 29, followed by 30 to 34-year-olds.

They added that the government will reassess whether the 'Rule of Six' has been enough to control the situation in fortnight - but there is a widespread view that schools should not be shut again.

A leading scientific advisor reportedly said: 'I think that if we want to keep schools open, we probably have to give serious consideration to a wide range of other measures to stop a major second wave.

'And we have to think about doing that right now - which we are starting to do.'

Mr Johnson said he understood a negative test had been returned for Sir Keir's child, adding: 'I don't know why he is not here.'

The Labour leader was advised to self-isolate on Monday while awaiting the result of a test for a member of his household who showed possible symptoms of Covid-19.

Less than half an hour before PMQs was due to begin, Sir Keir said he was 'very pleased and relieved that the test result for one of my children came back negative this morning'.

A decision had been made on Tuesday for his deputy, Ms Rayner, to take his place at the question session.

The possibility of a harsher crackdown comes despite a major Tory backlash at the restrictions on everyday life. 

Justice Secretary Robert Buckland yesterday denied that the 'rule of six' would effectively cancel Christmas, following criticisms from a source close to the Archbishop of Canterbury about the social restrictions imposed this week to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

Speaking to BBC Radio 4's Today programme, the Cabinet minister said: 'Archbishop Justin (Welby) makes an important contribution to this debate and he is right to point to the huge spiritual and social significance of Christmas. 

'I don't think any of us in Government want to be Oliver Cromwell-esque about this - we want to see families celebrate Christmas in a safe and happy way and we want to see our churches and indeed our other places of worship joining in that celebration.' 

Mr Buckland added: 'We are not going to cancel Christmas but the 'rule of six' is something that is clear and important and I do think we've committed to that and we need to stick to it.' 

Health Secretary Matt Hancock has batted away furious demands for young children to be exempted from the rules in England to save Christmas. 

He was repeatedly pressed on the 'unfair and inflexible' restrictions as he made a statement in the Commons.

But while Mr Hancock insisted he understood the 'impact' the rules were having, he said 'simplicity' was crucial for them to be effective.

Senior Conservatives lined up to urge the government to copy the Scottish and Welsh administrations, which have said that children aged under 12 do not count towards the limit on gatherings.

Why are some areas being locked down and not others? 

Lockdowns are imposed on local areas in response to a rise in infections, putting people's lives at risk.

There's no specific infection rate threshold after which a local lockdown is triggered, a Public Health England spokesman said, but rather it is a decision taken by local authorities and government based on advice from health professionals.

The professionals watch measures including the rate of change in infection rate, number of cases, level of demand for A&E, and which demographic has the most infections, to advise when and if further restrictions should be imposed.

The 'nuanced' and 'bespoke' approach means restrictions are re-imposed in regions with differing numbers of cases per 100,000.

Home Secretary Priti Patel warned on Tuesday that two families bumping into each other on the street would be breaking the new law.

She said more than half-a-dozen people stopping to chat after accidentally meeting up would constitute 'mingling'.

Lawyers questioned whether that was the case - but No10 offered backing, saying: 'You can expect the police to ask you to disperse.' 

Ms Patel also said she would report her own neighbours for any behaviour she believed was 'inappropriate' and risked spreading the virus. 

The most up-to-date PHE data, which was released on Friday, clearly shows cases are spiralling across every age group. People in their twenties — who aren't as vulnerable to the disease and are likely to escape death or serious illness — are driving the spike with an infection rate of 46, which has doubled in the last three weeks 

Public Health England (PHE) data reveals 23.4 cases are now diagnosed for every 100,000 people aged between 40 and 49 — up from 12.4 at the end of August. And coronavirus infection rates have nearly doubled in just a week for people in their fifties, jumping from 10.9 to 20

When should I get a coronavirus test?

People suffering from coronavirus symptoms should get a test within five days of symptoms appearing, the NHS says. 

Its advice page says anyone suffering from the symptoms - a high temperature, continuous cough and loss of their sense of taste or smell - to get tested as soon as they can. 

'If you have symptoms, get a test as soon as possible,' they said. 'You need to get the test done in the first five days of having symptoms'.

But amid England's mounting testing fiasco - with people in virus hotspots unable to access any swabs - a message has been posted saying those unable to get tested should 'try again in a few hours'.

Who should get tested for coronavirus?

The NHS says that anyone who develops symptoms of coronavirus should get a test. These are:

They add that a select group of other people will also be able to access testing. These are people who: 

Who should not get a coronavirus test?

Matt Hancock has claimed up to one-in-four tests are being given out to people who are not eligible for them.

He said he has heard stories of whole schools applying for them after one case of coronavirus was recorded there, and of people getting them because they are going on holiday.

This is not what the testing system has been designed for, he said. and it means that people who need a test cannot get one.

Source: NHS 

But he urged people without symptoms to stay away from testing centres – although he acknowledged the reasons why they may want to find out if they had Covid-19.

'What has happened is demand has massively accelerated just in the last couple of weeks,' he told MPs. 

Professor Andrew Hayward, one of the government's SAGE experts, said around half a million people every day could be expected to display symptoms similar to coroanvirus at this time of year, even before the pandemic appeared.

That would be far above the government's current claimed testing capacity of around 375,000 - although they have never carried out that many in a single day. 

Prof Hayward, director of University College London's Institute of Epidemiology & Health, said: 'The background to this of course is that we would expect the demand and the capacity to need to rise quite rapidly over the autumn and winter as the number of people who develop symptoms that could be Covid increase.

'Some of our research has shown that at least in the winter, you would expect about half a million people a day to develop symptoms that are typical of Covid – and that would be in a winter when there was no Covid – so you can see that the capacity requirements will have to increase dramatically if we are going to keep up.' 

Hundreds of schools have been partially or completely closed because of coronavirus cases - both proven and suspected - leading to fears of a domino effect, resulting in parents not being able to go to work and the return of empty offices.

More than one in 10 children were not in classes last Thursday, figures show, amid fears the growing number of pupils and staff awaiting tests could cripple parent confidence in getting their children back to school.

It comes after teachers held a protest outside the Department for Education, arguing that the lack of tests, and the inability of staff, pupils and parents to get to the front of the queue, is stopping schools returning to normal.

One told the i that they had been unable to book a test for their daughter on Sunday either online or on the phone despite trying on an hourly basis. 

Her efforts involved driving to a local test centre, which proved to be closed, and then to Gatwick, where there were no queues but she was turned away as for not having booked.

The public had been told to seek tests 'if in doubt'. But checks by the Mail found that 46 of the 49 virus hotspots – including Bolton, Bradford and Oldham – had no swabs to offer. 

Preston, one of the three areas  providing tests said they were not available until January – and 22 miles away.

There have been reports that Mr Hancock is considering making GPs 'gatekeepers' for the system. 

However, that could put surgeries under massive strain, with complaints that appointment are already extremely difficult to access in many areas. 

Long queues were seen outside testing centres yesterday, involving many desperate people who had failed to get an online appointment but turned up anyway.

Lines formed in Southend – but in a sign of the general chaos – other test centres such as in Leeds were nearly empty. 

Dr Patrick Roach, general secretary of the NASUWT teaching union, has called on the Government to prioritise the education sector for the allocation of tests.

In a letter to the schools minister, Dr Roach said the union had heard of approximately 600 pupils being told to self-isolate in Bury and the situation was 'increasingly out of control'.

'Teachers, support staff and children and young people are unable to access tests where they have Covid-19 symptoms,' he wrote.

'Employers are struggling to deal with the implications and consequences.'

He added: 'We have reports that schools are unable to cope with a situation that is becoming increasingly out of control.'

The founder of Oasis Community Learning, which is responsible for 31,500 children at 52 academies across England, said 1,200 pupils had been sent home over the first six days of the new school year.

Writing in The Sun, Steve Chalke added: 'The reason is either pupils or teachers have symptoms and can't return until they get a negative test result.'   

One MP said her constituents in Twickenham, south-west London, had been told to travel to Aberdeen to book a test.

Munira Wilson, Lib Dem health spokesman, said: 'We were promised a world-beating test and trace system but what we have at the moment is an utter shambles.'

Mr Johnson swiped at Keir Starmer for failing to face him at PMQs today after the Labour leader revealed one of his children has tested negative for coronavirus.

The Labour leader said he was 'pleased and relieved' to be out of self-isolation after two days waiting for the result.

However, he skipped the showdown in the Commons this lunchtime, with deputy Angela Rayner standing in.

She raised the case of 'Keir' at the despatch box, saying he had needed to miss work because he had not received the result of a test in time.

But Mr Johnson pointed out that Sir Keir was now out of quarantine. 'I don't know quite why he is not here.'

The premier defended the shambolic testing arrangements, despite warnings that schools are on the brink of becoming 'unsustainable' due to delays.

'Eighty-nine per cent of those that have in person tests get (results) the next day,' Mr Johnson said. 'We are working very fast to turn around all the test requests that we get.' 

Struggling to explain the causes of the problems, Mr Johnson said: 'The British people, quite understandably, are responding to that system, with a huge, huge surge in demand.'

He insisted it was 'important that everybody follows the guidance about when they should be getting a test'.

Ms Rayner called on the Prime Minister to 'get some skates on' in delivering testing and PPE to care homes ahead of winter.

'The Prime Minister has put his faith in Operation Moonshot, but meanwhile on planet Earth there are no NHS tests available for several high-infection areas,' she said.

She asked: 'Can the Prime Minister confirm yes or no, do all care homes in this country have weekly tests?'

Mr Johnson replied: 'Yes, to the best of my knowledge care homes in this country… should get weekly tests for all staff members and tests every 28 days for those who are in the care homes, the residents in the care homes.'

The premier also complained that Labour was 'carping from the sidelines' while the government tried to deal with 'one of the most difficult dilemmas' ever faced by any administration. 

Appearing before the education select committee today, Gavin Williamson revealed he had met the government's Test & Trace tsar Baroness Harding this week to insist there must be 'swift' screening available for schools.

Covid cases rise among the middle-aged 

The most up-to-date PHE data, which was released on Friday, clearly shows cases are spiralling across every age group. People in their twenties — who aren't as vulnerable to the disease and are likely to escape death or serious illness — are driving the spike with an infection rate of 46, which has doubled in the last three weeks 

Covid-19 cases are soaring among middle-aged people in England and have risen by upwards of 90 per cent in a fortnight as the outbreak continues to grow, official figures show.

Public Health England (PHE) data reveals 23.4 cases are now diagnosed for every 100,000 people aged between 40 and 49 — up from 12.4 at the end of August. And coronavirus infection rates have nearly doubled in just a week for people in their fifties, jumping from 10.9 to 20.

The most up-to-date PHE data, which was released on Friday, clearly shows cases are increasing across every age group. People in their twenties — who aren't as vulnerable to the disease and are likely to escape death or serious illness — are driving the spike with an infection rate of 46, which has doubled in three weeks.

Fears of a second wave are growing as the number of Britons being diagnosed with Covid-19 each day has topped 3,000 for the first time since May. Ministers have also been spooked by spiralling outbreaks in Spain and France and rising hospital admissions on the continent.

Hospital admissions — another way of measuring the severity of the pandemic — have doubled in England over the past nine days. More than 150 newly-infected patients required NHS treatment on Sunday, up from a rolling seven-day average of 52 on the last day of August.  

'We've always been conscious that with children coming back into schools there was going to be a situation where people would need more access to testing. That is why we ensured those deliveries of tests to every school in England. That is why this morning we opened the ordering system, for schools to be able to order new tests, for them to be able to get those directly from the NHS,' he said.

Mr Williamson said he had stressed to Lady Harding that testing for schools must be a 'priority'.

'Just this week I met with baroness Harding from test and trace and the NHS, highlighting some concerns that schools have had in terms of the turnaround and to ensure that teachers are able to get tested as swiftly as possible, and they are able to be in a position to be back to teaching at the earliest possible stage.'

Mr Williamson dodged questions over whether the government could guarantee testing results for schools within 48 hours, but added: 'The reason I had my meeting with Baroness Harding, as you can imagine, is to continue to emphasise the importance and the priority that we have to put on all our schools and education settings, about how vital it is that we always ensure there is swift testing available.'

Committee chairman Robert Halfon told BBC Radio 4's World at One later that he had been told schools would be a priority under Mr Hancock's new scheme.

'As I understand it, schools will be on the priority list,' Mr Halfon told the programme.

Department for Education sources said they had little control over the provision for schools, suggesting it was a 'problem in the labs'. 'We don't run testing. We don't oversee testing. It is a DHSC thing,' one source said.

An ally of Mr Williamson told MailOnline they had doubts about whether schools were the main part of the extra demand, pointing out that 1.6million children went back in June and July and 'we didn't see any of this'.

The ally added: 'There is definitely frustration there.'

Ministers first faced a crisis over testing early on in the first wave of Covid when a campaign by the Mail led to Mr Hancock vowing to deliver 100,000 tests a day.

That pledge was later raised to 200,000, then 500,000 by the end of October and now four million by next February under the ambitious 'Operation Moonshot'.

However, the system has been thrown back into chaos in recent days because demand for tests has massively increased, overwhelming laboratories.

The surge has resulted from a rise in daily cases, the return of schools, the rolling-out of regular swabs to care homes and an increase in outbreaks.

There have also been rumours of logistical problems at laboratories. 

As a result, there has been a deluge of complaints that people cannot access tests locally or that they have to wait too long to find out if they are positive or negative. Schools have been closed while teachers wait for results on sick pupils.

NHS leaders warn of a crisis in hospitals, with medics forced to stay away from work and operations cancelled.

Figures today showed that, including antibody and surveillance screening, 221,192 tests were carried out across the UK in the previous 24 hours.

That was down from 227,075 yesterday, 231,969 on Monday and from 250,839 on Sunday.

The last time it was lower was September 9, when just 209,609 were conducted.

However, the government has not published a figure for the overall capacity since September 10, when it was claimed to be 374,917.

The Department of Health has refused to reveal how many people are trying to get swabs.

The number of people actually getting tested has gone up by 23 per cent since the end of August while capacity has increased by 12 per cent - although it is now not known.

Sodexo, which runs the centres, has posted job adverts for people to staff the drive- and walk-in sites as the UK scrambles to prepare for surging numbers of cases as infections are now on the rise in people of all age groups in England.

Labour MPs have called the testing fiasco a 'farce' and 'unacceptable', while scientists admit they are seriously concerned that the Government hasn't prepared for what they've known for months would eventually happen.

Professor Alan McNally, a geneticist at the University of Birmingham who helped set up a Government lab in Milton Keynes, told BBC Breakfast yesterday there were 'clearly underlying issues which nobody wants to tell us about'.

He said: 'I think there is a surge in demand [and] I think our stated capacity is very different from actually how many tests can be run in a given day.'   

Dr Joshua Moon, from the University of Sussex Business School, added: 'One of the deeper issues is why we are seeing an acute shortage when total tests per day currently sit at two thirds of the government's claimed testing capacity. 

'I am particularly worried about why the claimed capacity was so much higher than it actually was. 

'Without proper understanding of the system's capacity, there is a fundamental weakness in ability to plan for the future.'

In a round of broadcast interviews this morning, Justice Secretary Robert Buckland said testing capacity was 'ramping up' to deal with the demand. He said Mr Hancock would put forward the 'priority' list 'in the next few days'. 

Speaking to Sky News, Mr Buckland said: 'I'm not shying away from the current issue but what I'm trying to explain is that rather than us sitting back and pretending all is well, we have accepted the scale of the challenge, we're ramping up the test centres, we have increased laboratory capacity, new labs coming on-stream so we can get that quick turnaround.'

He added: 'The fact the Government kept on saying about the dangers of a second wave, at all times the Prime Minister, all of us, were absolutely focused on the dangers of the second wave – we have seen what's happening in France.

'We absolutely are onto this in terms of understanding that through the autumn, if we are to get the balance between getting the economy back on track and getting children into school, then all of us now have a special responsibility to follow all those guidelines and do whatever it takes to beat this virus.'

The testing meltdown has come in the context of a spike in coronavirus cases, with fears that the situation is on the verge of spiralling out of control again.  

Britons could face an even tougher lockdown within two weeks unless the Rule of Six brings down coronavirus cases, it was claimed today.

Ministers and government officials insist they are ready to take more draconian steps to stop the spread, despite a wave of criticism.

Options on the table could range from curfews to closing pubs - although there is a determination that schools will stay open. 

Local areas where cases are above 20 per 100,000

Bolton 204.1 (587), 152.0 (437)

Oadby and Wigston 136.8 (78), 52.6 (30)

Hyndburn 132.0 (107), 64.2 (52)

Preston 125.8 (180), 75.5 (108)

Burnley 124.8 (111), 70.9 (63)

Blackburn with Darwen 120.2 (180), 73.5 (110)

Oldham 114.7 (272), 66.6 (158)

Liverpool 106.4 (530), 56.8 (283)

Tameside 105.1 (238), 75.1 (170)

Warrington 104.8 (220), 57.6 (121)

Knowsley 102.7 (155), 51.0 (77)

St Helens 101.3 (183), 50.4 (91)

Rossendale 96.5 (69), 44.8 (32)

Bradford 93.6 (505), 82.8 (447)

South Tyneside 93.4 (141), 60.9 (92)

Wirral 91.7 (297), 66.0 (214)

Rochdale 90.8 (202), 68.8 (153)

Leicester 89.8 (318), 60.7 (215)

Salford 89.6 (232), 75.3 (195)

Bury 85.9 (164), 70.2 (134)

Birmingham 83.4 (952), 80.9 (924)

Sunderland 82.1 (228), 73.5 (204)

Gateshead 81.7 (165), 58.4 (118)

Manchester 79.9 (442), 68.7 (380)

Leeds 72.9 (578), 66.1 (524)

Halton 72.6 (94), 28.6 (37)

Pendle 71.7 (66), 58.6 (54)

Kirklees 70.7 (311), 42.7 (188)

Solihull 68.4 (148), 64.7 (140)

Newcastle upon Tyne 64.1 (194), 51.2 (155)

Blaby 63.0 (64), 53.2 (54)

Sandwell 62.4 (205), 41.7 (137)

Calderdale 58.6 (124), 45.4 (96)

Wolverhampton 55.4 (146), 41.4 (109)

Barrow-in-Furness 53.7 (36), 29.8 (20)

Sefton 52.5 (145), 37.3 (103)

Hartlepool 52.3 (49), 52.3 (49)

Rugby 51.4 (56), 28.5 (31)

Selby 49.7 (45), 47.5 (43)

Wyre 49.1 (55), 23.2 (26)

South Ribble 48.7 (54), 39.7 (44)

Sheffield 47.7 (279), 38.1 (223)

North Tyneside 46.7 (97), 37.5 (78)

Wigan 45.3 (149), 37.7 (124)

Stockport 45.0 (132), 32.7 (96)

Chorley 44.8 (53), 20.3 (24)

Spelthorne 44.1 (44), 31.0 (31)

Windsor and Maidenhead 43.6 (66), 20.5 (31)

High Peak 43.2 (40), 25.9 (24)

Trafford 43.0 (102), 32.9 (78)

Corby 41.5 (30), 47.1 (34)

Rotherham 41.4 (110), 30.1 (80)

St Albans 39.7 (59), 20.9 (31)

Charnwood 38.7 (72), 20.4 (38)

Craven 38.5 (22), 26.3 (15)

Redbridge 38.3 (117), 35.4 (108)

Northampton 38.3 (86), 33.4 (75)

Scarborough 37.7 (41), 39.5 (43)

County Durham 37.4 (198), 32.4 (172)

Bolsover 37.2 (30), 18.6 (15)

Fylde 37.1 (30), 17.3 (14)

Hounslow 36.8 (100), 30.2 (82)

Kettering 36.4 (37), 28.5 (29)

Middlesbrough 36.2 (51), 51.8 (73)

Walsall 36.1 (103), 25.2 (72)

Broxtowe 36.0 (41), 40.3 (46)

Mansfield 34.8 (38), 26.5 (29)

Stevenage 34.2 (30), 17.1 (15)

Coventry 33.4 (124), 27.5 (102)

Wakefield 33.0 (115), 25.3 (88)

Ashfield 32.8 (42), 28.9 (37)

Cannock Chase 32.8 (33), 12.9 (13)

Barking and Dagenham 32.4 (69), 30.1 (64)

Blackpool 32.3 (45), 22.9 (32)

Hambleton 31.7 (29), 10.9 (10)

Hertsmere 31.5 (33), 49.6 (52)

York 30.9 (65), 14.2 (30)

West Lancashire 30.6 (35), 38.5 (44)

Amber Valley 30.4 (39), 14.0 (18)

Stockton-on-Tees 30.4 (60), 24.3 (48)

Enfield 30.3 (101), 23.4 (78)

South Staffordshire 30.2 (34), 24.0 (27)

Wellingborough 30.1 (24), 18.8 (15)

Nottingham 30.0 (100), 31.8 (106)

Cheshire West and Chester 30.0 (103), 19.8 (68)

Castle Point 29.9 (27), 16.6 (15)

Harborough 29.8 (28), 20.3 (19)

Havering 29.7 (77), 33.5 (87)

North East Derbyshire 29.6 (30), 17.7 (18)

Welwyn Hatfield 29.3 (36), 18.7 (23)

Stoke-on-Trent 29.3 (75), 30.0 (77)

Harrogate 29.2 (47), 34.8 (56)

Ealing 29.0 (99), 20.8 (71)

Tamworth 28.7 (22), 20.9 (16)

Hammersmith and Fulham 28.6 (53), 28.6 (53)

Hackney and City of London 28.5 (83), 19.9 (58)

Bromsgrove 28.0 (28), 29.0 (29)

Runnymede 28.0 (25), 15.7 (14)

Malvern Hills 28.0 (22), 30.5 (24)

Luton 27.7 (59), 26.3 (56)

Dudley 27.4 (88), 24.6 (79)

Newham 27.2 (96), 30.6 (108)

Peterborough 26.2 (53), 26.2 (53)

Northumberland 25.7 (83), 21.1 (68)

Chesterfield 25.7 (27), 20.0 (21)

Haringey 25.7 (69), 25.3 (68)

Oxford 25.6 (39), 23.6 (36)

Barnsley 25.5 (63), 32.8 (81)

Wandsworth 25.5 (84), 24.6 (81)

Tower Hamlets 25.3 (82), 28.6 (93)

Rushcliffe 25.2 (30), 23.5 (28)

North Lincolnshire 25.0 (43), 11.0 (19)

Hinckley and Bosworth 24.7 (28), 11.5 (13)

Harrow 24.7 (62), 26.3 (66)

Darlington 24.3 (26), 14.0 (15)

Kensington and Chelsea 24.3 (38), 33.9 (53)

Waltham Forest 23.8 (66), 16.2 (45)

Cheshire East 23.7 (91), 23.9 (92)

Brent 23.3 (77), 18.2 (60)

Lancaster 23.3 (34), 14.4 (21)

Lincoln 23.2 (23), 44.3 (44)

West Lindsey 23.0 (22), 16.7 (16)

Camden 23.0 (62), 13.3 (36)

Brighton and Hove 22.7 (66), 13.1 (38)

East Staffordshire 22.5 (27), 35.1 (42)

Slough 22.1 (33), 21.4 (32)

Doncaster 21.8 (68), 11.2 (35)

Lambeth 21.8 (71), 27.0 (88)

Adur 21.8 (14), 15.6 (10)

South Kesteven 21.8 (31), 14.0 (20)

Newcastle-under-Lyme 21.6 (28), 23.9 (31)

Horsham 21.6 (31), 9.0 (13)

East Riding of Yorkshire 21.4 (73), 10.8 (37)

North Kesteven 21.4 (25), 26.5 (31)

Bedford 21.4 (37), 19.0 (33)

Bracknell Forest 21.2 (26), 19.6 (24)

Barnet 21.0 (83), 26.0 (103)

Erewash 20.8 (24), 14.7 (17)

Nuneaton and Bedworth 20.8 (27), 13.9 (18)

Wyre Forest 20.7 (21), 10.9 (11)

Southwark 20.7 (66), 21.0 (67)

Stafford 20.4 (28), 21.1 (29)

Derby 20.2 (52), 16.3 (42)

Wychavon 20.1 (26), 20.9 (27)

South Bucks 20.0 (14), 15.7 (11)

Local areas where cases are below 20 per 100,000

Ribble Valley 19.7 (12), 14.8 (9)

South Derbyshire 19.6 (21), 22.4 (24)

Tandridge 19.3 (17), 13.6 (12)

Herefordshire 19.2 (37), 12.4 (24)

Richmond upon Thames 19.2 (38), 20.2 (40)

Redcar and Cleveland 19.0 (26), 29.9 (41)

Gedling 18.7 (22), 16.1 (19)

Dartford 18.6 (21), 5.3 (6)

Watford 18.6 (18), 26.9 (26)

Hillingdon 18.6 (57), 22.8 (70)

Lichfield 18.1 (19), 16.2 (17)

Greenwich 18.1 (52), 12.2 (35)

Rushmoor 18.0 (17), 11.6 (11)

Lewisham 17.7 (54), 18.3 (56)

Melton 17.6 (9), 31.2 (16)

Plymouth 17.6 (46), 13.0 (34)

Reigate and Banstead 17.5 (26), 16.1 (24)

Kingston upon Thames 17.5 (31), 17.5 (31)

Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole 17.2 (68), 17.7 (70)

Worthing 17.2 (19), 29.8 (33)

Newark and Sherwood 17.2 (21), 16.3 (20)

Merton 16.9 (35), 15.0 (31)

Islington 16.9 (41), 23.1 (56)

West Suffolk 16.8 (30), 15.6 (28)

Richmondshire 16.8 (9), 7.4 (4)

Westminster 16.5 (43), 22.6 (59)

Daventry 16.3 (14), 17.5 (15)

Three Rivers 16.1 (15), 18.2 (17)

East Northamptonshire 15.9 (15), 23.3 (22)

Warwick 15.3 (22), 15.3 (22)

Redditch 15.2 (13), 11.7 (10)

Croydon 15.0 (58), 19.1 (74)

Basildon 15.0 (28), 16.6 (31)

Woking 14.9 (15), 17.9 (18)

Southend-on-Sea 14.7 (27), 13.7 (25)

South Gloucestershire 14.7 (42), 13.3 (38)

Huntingdonshire 14.6 (26), 3.9 (7)

Broxbourne 14.4 (14), 16.4 (16)

Brentwood 14.3 (11), 15.6 (12)

North Hertfordshire 14.2 (19), 18.0 (24)

Bromley 14.1 (47), 16.5 (55)

Cherwell 14.0 (21), 10.6 (16)

Elmbridge 13.9 (19), 24.9 (34)

Worcester 13.8 (14), 12.8 (13)

South Holland 13.7 (13), 3.2 (3)

Chiltern 13.6 (13), 20.8 (20)

Shropshire 13.3 (43), 11.5 (37)

Allerdale 13.3 (13), 12.3 (12)

Staffordshire Moorlands 13.2 (13), 20.3 (20)

Copeland 13.2 (9), 2.9 (2)

Bristol 13.2 (61), 19.6 (91)

Eden 13.1 (7), 11.3 (6)

Great Yarmouth 13.1 (13), 17.1 (17)

Mendip 13.0 (15), 12.1 (14)

Epping Forest 12.9 (17), 12.1 (16)

Cheltenham 12.9 (15), 12.0 (14)

Bexley 12.9 (32), 10.5 (26)

Breckland 12.9 (18), 11.4 (16)

Rochford 12.6 (11), 6.9 (6)

Rutland 12.5 (5), 5.0 (2)

Central Bedfordshire 12.5 (36), 10.7 (31)

Crawley 12.5 (14), 7.1 (8)

Telford and Wrekin 12.2 (22), 15.0 (27)

Portsmouth 12.1 (26), 10.7 (23)

North Somerset 12.1 (26), 26.5 (57)

East Lindsey 12.0 (17), 7.8 (11)

Hastings 11.9 (11), 13.0 (12)

Fenland 11.8 (12), 2.9 (3)

South Northamptonshire 11.6 (11), 12.7 (12)

Sutton 11.6 (24), 13.6 (28)

Mole Valley 11.5 (10), 11.5 (10)

Wycombe 11.5 (20), 15.5 (27)

South Lakeland 11.4 (12), 17.1 (18)

Guildford 11.4 (17), 14.1 (21)

Tonbridge and Malling 11.4 (15), 6.1 (8)

Cambridge 11.2 (14), 16.0 (20)

Epsom and Ewell 11.2 (9), 22.3 (18)

Milton Keynes 11.1 (30), 14.1 (38)

Bassetlaw 11.1 (13), 13.6 (16)

Thurrock 10.9 (19), 11.5 (20)

Hull 10.8 (28), 10.0 (26)

Chichester 10.7 (13), 14.0 (17)

North Warwickshire 10.7 (7), 19.9 (13)

Norwich 10.7 (15), 12.8 (18)

Wokingham 10.5 (18), 10.5 (18)

Forest of Dean 10.4 (9), 5.8 (5)

Swindon 10.4 (23), 16.2 (36)

Havant 10.3 (13), 3.2 (4)

Gravesham 10.3 (11), 10.3 (11)

Stratford-on-Avon 10.0 (13), 14.6 (19)

Boston 10.0 (7), 5.7 (4)

West Oxfordshire 9.9 (11), 17.2 (19)

Chelmsford 9.5 (17), 11.8 (21)

Test Valley 9.5 (12), 26.9 (34)

Southampton 9.5 (24), 8.3 (21)

Fareham 9.5 (11), 11.2 (13)

New Forest 9.4 (17), 25.0 (45)

South Cambridgeshire 9.4 (15), 11.3 (18)

Swale 9.3 (14), 19.3 (29)

Reading 9.3 (15), 21.0 (34)

Tunbridge Wells 9.3 (11), 20.2 (24)

Harlow 9.2 (8), 5.7 (5)

Exeter 9.1 (12), 10.7 (14)

Ryedale 9.0 (5), 12.6 (7)

Aylesbury Vale 9.0 (18), 7.5 (15)

Surrey Heath 9.0 (8), 17.9 (16)

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly 8.9 (51), 5.8 (33)

Vale of White Horse 8.8 (12), 13.2 (18)

Waverley 8.7 (11), 18.2 (23)

East Hertfordshire 8.7 (13), 9.3 (14)

Mid Sussex 8.6 (13), 13.9 (21)

Tewkesbury 8.4 (8), 6.3 (6)

East Suffolk 8.4 (21), 6.4 (16)

Dacorum 8.4 (13), 14.9 (23)

Stroud 8.3 (10), 9.2 (11)

Sevenoaks 8.3 (10), 13.3 (16)

Wiltshire 8.2 (41), 19.0 (95)

Cotswold 7.8 (7), 8.9 (8)

Thanet 7.8 (11), 2.8 (4)

Gloucester 7.7 (10), 9.3 (12)

Somerset West and Taunton 7.7 (12), 9.0 (14)

North East Lincolnshire 7.5 (12), 9.4 (15)

Wealden 7.4 (12), 14.2 (23)

Torridge 7.3 (5), 8.8 (6)

Sedgemoor 7.3 (9), 7.3 (9)

Ipswich 7.3 (10), 8.0 (11)

South Norfolk 7.1 (10), 7.1 (10)

Derbyshire Dales 6.9 (5), 6.9 (5)

Broadland 6.9 (9), 10.7 (14)

Arun 6.8 (11), 16.8 (27)

North West Leicestershire 6.8 (7), 15.4 (16)

Eastbourne 6.7 (7), 26.0 (27)

Mid Suffolk 6.7 (7), 6.7 (7)

Uttlesford 6.6 (6), 26.3 (24)

Medway 6.5 (18), 8.3 (23)

Carlisle 6.4 (7), 12.0 (13)

Winchester 6.4 (8), 5.6 (7)

Bath and North East Somerset 6.2 (12), 17.6 (34)

Hart 6.2 (6), 7.2 (7)

Colchester 6.2 (12), 6.7 (13)

Dorset 6.1 (23), 10.3 (39)

King's Lynn and West Norfolk 5.9 (9), 7.3 (11)

Gosport 5.9 (5), 3.5 (3)

Maidstone 5.8 (10), 9.3 (16)

West Berkshire 5.7 (9), 9.5 (15)

South Oxfordshire 5.6 (8), 12.7 (18)

East Devon 5.5 (8), 12.3 (18)

Folkestone and Hythe 5.3 (6), 9.7 (11)

Teignbridge 5.2 (7), 6.7 (9)

North Devon 5.1 (5), 10.3 (10)

Basingstoke and Deane 5.1 (9), 6.8 (12)

Isle of Wight 4.9 (7), 6.3 (9)

East Hampshire 4.9 (6), 13.1 (16)

Lewes 4.8 (5), 11.6 (12)

Canterbury 4.8 (8), 9.1 (15)

Eastleigh 4.5 (6), 6.7 (9)

Rother 4.2 (4), 16.7 (16)

Braintree 3.9 (6), 7.2 (11)

Mid Devon 3.6 (3), 7.3 (6)

South Somerset 3.6 (6), 8.9 (15)

Maldon 3.1 (2), 4.6 (3)

Ashford 3.1 (4), 5.4 (7)

Tendring 2.7 (4), 2.0 (3)

Dover 2.5 (3), 14.4 (17)

South Hams 2.3 (2), 10.3 (9)

East Cambridgeshire 2.2 (2), 2.2 (2)

Babergh 2.2 (2), 10.9 (10)

West Devon 1.8 (1), 3.6 (2)

North Norfolk 1.0 (1), 3.8 (4)

Torbay 0.7 (1), 10.3 (14)

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