United Kingdom

Government could intervene to STOP the City of London toppling Cass and Beckford statues

The Government could intervene to stop the City of London Corporation's plans to topple statues of prominent figures William Beckford and Sir John Cass - after it went against its policy to retain historical monuments.

Yesterday the corporation declared it would remove the two huge sculptures over the two men's historic links to the slave trade following a vote on recommendations from their Tackling Racism Taskforce.

But the announcement came to a surprise to senior Government figures, including Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden, who believe statues should be kept to 'learn from the past'. MailOnline understands he has contacted heritage body Historic England to check if the correct procedures have been followed so far.

And just five days ago Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick announced a new legal protections that meant historic statues should be ‘retained and explained’ for future generations. 

It means that if any council intends to grant permission for removal of a particular statue but Historic England objects to it, he gets the final say.

In fact the heritage body is understood to have contacted the corporation in December to flag the government's 'retain and explain' views - but received no response back. 

A source said: 'City of London may have said they are going to remove them, but it is not quite as simple as that.

The statue of William Beckford is inside the Guildhall HQ of the City of London Corporation

A replica of this statue is also in the HQ and will be removed and whisked elsewhere

'There are procedures that have to be followed - this is by no means a done deal.

'It completely flies against the Government's views and advice.' 

The City of London Corporation's Policy and Resources Committee announced yesterday they had voted to remove them from their historic Guildhall headquarters.

They are to be spirited away to a not yet disclosed location and could be replaced with a new memorial to the slave trade in the City.

The decision is at odds with Prime Minister Boris Johnson's own thoughts after he said last year he thought tearing controversial statues down was to 'lie about our history'. 

But the corporation said it was going to set up a working group to make the change as soon as possible.

Culture secretary Oliver Dowden has contacted Historic England over the statue plans

The consultation came following the Black Lives Matter protests in London and elsewhere

Memorials to politicians, war heroes and authors all targeted due to links to slavery and racist beliefs 

Since Edward Colston's statue was thrown into Bristol Harbour, there has been a wave of attacks from vandals on various monuments across Britain.

A statue to Winston Churchill was defaced with the words 'was a racist' and 'f*** your agenda' written underneath the memorial to the war time PM in Westminster Square, London.

Slave trader Robert Milligan's was covered with a shord and the message 'Black Lives Matter' was placed on it in West India Docks amid calls for it to be taken down. It was later removed by Tower Hamlets Council.

Tower Hamlets Council removed a statue of slave trader Robert Milligan after it was covered and displayed the message 'Black Lives Matter' during last month's protests

Less than a year after it was erected, 'Nazi' was scrawled underneath a statue of Nancy Astor, the first woman to take a  seat in Parliament, in Plymouth.

A monument to 19th-century politician Henry Vassall-Fox, the third Baron Holland, was left splattered with red paint in Holland Park. A cardboard sign reading 'I owned 401 slaves' was perched in the bronze statue's arms, with the number painted on the plinth alongside red handprints.

A Grade II-listed monument to Admiral Lord Nelson, Britain's foremost naval hero, which stands in the grounds of Norwich Cathedral, was sprayed with a black 'V' in the middle of a circle - an anarchist symbol.

Red paint spattered another stature of Lord Nelson at Deptford Town Hall in South London.

In Kent, a former councillor wrote 'Dickens Racist' outside a museum dedicated to the beloved 19th century author. Letters sent by the Oliver Twist author showed he wished to 'exterminate' Indian citizens after a failed uprising.

A statue of Civil War leader Oliver Cromwell in Wythenshawe Park, Manchester, had the words 'Cromwell is a cockroach,' 'f*** racist' and the Black Lives Matter acronym 'BLM' scrawled across it last month. Thousands of people were massacred during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.

BLM was also scrawled across the Worcester Civil War memorial in Royal Park.

Their removal was suggested by The Tackling Racism Taskforce, which was set up in June in the wake of the Black Lives Matters protests.

It came after last year the City Corporation held a consultative exercise asking people for their views on statues and other landmarks in the Square Mile linked to slavery, which garnered more than 1,500 responses

City of London Corporation Policy Chair Catherine McGuinness said: 'This decision is the culmination of months of valuable work by the Tackling Racism Taskforce, which has taken a comprehensive approach to addressing injustice and inequality. 

'The view of members was that removing and re-siting statues linked to slavery is an important milestone in our journey towards a more inclusive and diverse City.'

The statue of William Beckford, a two-time Lord Mayor of London in the late 1700s who accrued wealth from plantations in Jamaica and held African slaves, will be removed, re-sited and replaced with a new artwork.

Meanwhile, the likeness of Sir John Cass, a 17th and 18th century merchant, MP and philanthropist who also profited from the slave trade, will be returned to its owner, the Sir John Cass Foundation.

City of London Corporation Tackling Racism Taskforce Co-Chair Caroline Addy said: 'I'm really pleased Policy and Resources Committee has agreed what we think is the correct response to a sensitive issue.

'The slave trade is a stain on our history and putting those who profited from it literally on a pedestal is something that has no place in a modern, diverse City.' 

Recommendations by the Tackling Racism Taskforce to boost diversity among staff by introducing anonymised recruitment for all pay grades, extra training and a 'reverse mentoring' scheme have already been approved.

City of London Corporation Tackling Racism Taskforce Co-Chair Andrien Meyers said: 'I'm really proud of the wide-ranging work the Taskforce has carried out to promote inclusion in the City Corporation, our schools and institutions and the City as a whole, which support our commitment to ensuring the Square Mile is a place where people of all ethnicities and backgrounds feel safe and welcome.' 

The BLM movement was sparked by the killing of George Floyd in the US where he was arrested by police.

Protesters tore down a statue of Edward Colston on Sunday, June 7, on the same day a memorial to Winston Churchill in London was defaced with the words 'was a racist' written on a plinth underneath.

It prompted a wave of statues being targeted with graffiti or being attacked during protests, culminating in some statues, including ones of Nelson Mandela and Winston Churchill, being covered up to be protected from vandals.

The Topple the Racists campaign launched a comprehensive list of statues it wanted to see removed as it believed the names behind the monuments held racist beliefs.

It led to Oriel College at Oxford University voting to remove a statue of Cecil Rhodes, a colonialist politician in southern Africa in the 19th century.

Boris Johnson wrote last year: 'We cannot now try to edit or censor our past. We cannot pretend to have a different history. The statues in our cities and towns were put up by previous generations.

'They had different perspectives, different understandings of right and wrong. But those statues teach us about our past, with all its faults.

'To tear them down would be to lie about our history, and impoverish the education of generations to come.'

William Beckford and Sir John Cass: The two men whose statues are to be removed due to their connections to the slave trade

By James Robinson for MailOnline 

William Beckford 

William Beckford - often referred to as Alderman Beckford to distinguish him from his novelist son of the same name - was a well-known political figure in the 18th century.

A vastly wealthy man, he twice served as the Lord Mayor of London in 1762 and 1769.

But his and his family's fortunes were built off the back of slavery in Jamaica.

His grandfather, Colonel Peter Beckford, left England for the Caribbean island in search of wealth.

A vastly wealthy man, William Beckford twice served as the Lord Mayor of London in 1762 and 1769. But his and his family's fortunes were built off the back of slavery in Jamaica.

Peter later became the acting Governor of Jamaica in 1702 and reputedly owned 20 Jamaican estates, 1,200 enslaved Africans and left £1,5million in bank stock when he died in 1710.

The vast majority of his fortune passed to his eldest son - also named Peter Beckford - who was William's father. It later passed to William - who was Peter's sole surviving legitimate son.

William, who was born in Jamaica in 1709 and educated in England, inherited 13 sugar plantations after his father's death.

When William's brother died in 1712, the number of enslaved Africans he owned grew to 3,000.

On one of his plantations, in 1760, a rebellion took place and over 400 enslaved Africans were killed and many others brutally punished. It is said that the leader of the uprising was burnt alive.

Back in England, William pursued a life in politics and became an Alderman of London, Sheriff of London and twice Lord Mayor of London.

In 1770 he famously supported the MP John Wilkes in a speech representing the rights of the mercantile man to King George III.

He was considered a hero among political reformers for the speech. William died that year and a statue celebrating his career was placed in London's Guildhall.   

William's son, also named William, would become a famous writer, remembered for his Gothic novel Vathek.

Alderman Beckford's contribution to the slave trade has recently been highlighted following the Black Lives Matter campaign last Summer.

The City of London Corporation's Policy and Resources Committee has now voted to remove him from their historic Guildhall headquarters.

Sir John Cass

Sir John Cass was a merchant, builder and Tory MP who lived between 1661 and 1718.

He was the founder of a mixed school in London and posthumously his wealth was used to set up Sir John Cass's Foundation - which still provides funding for a number of schools and educational projects in London.

Sir John Cass was a merchant, builder and Tory MP who lived between 1661 and 1718

But his legacy as a philanthropist has been brought into question in recent years due to his contribution to the African slave trade.  

In 1705 Cass became a member of the court of assistants - essentially a board member - of the Royal African Company.  

The company shipped more African slaves to the Americas than any other institution in the history of the Atlantic slave trade.

Cass held shares in the Royal African Company until his death in 1718.

During his life he served as a Tory MP for the City of London from 1710 to 1715 and was also elected a Sheriff of London. 

He founded a mixed school for 90 students in the buildings in the churchyard of St Botolph's Aldgate in 1709.

With money from his will, trustees set up Sir John Cass's Foundation to support education in London in 1748.

His charity funded the Sir John Cass Foundation School. Through a series of moves and mergers this became part of the City of London Polytechnic - now London Metropolitan University.

In June last year, Professor Lynn Dobbs, Vice-Chancellor of London Metropolitan University announced that the name of Cass would be removed from their Art, Architecture and Design School. 

The modern Sir John Cass's Foundation still provides funding for a number of schools in London, including some that have Cass's name. 

The Sir John Cass Redcoat School last year announced it would be changing its name to remove the reference to Cass, due to his connections with the slave trade. It is now Stepney All Saints School in August 2020.

Bosses at the Sir John Cass's Foundation have also committed to changing its name in the future.

Sources: BeckfordsTower.org and Sir John Cass's Foundation  

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