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Belly fat is the most resistant to weight loss

Shedding lockdown weight is high on the priority list for millions of Britons as the country prepares to celebrate freedom after restrictions are scheduled to lift in June.

But a new study has found stomach blubber is the hardest of all forms of body fat to lose if adopting the popular diet technique intermittent fasting.  

Scientists discovered belly fat is the most resistant due to a 'preservation mode' which allows it to stay put while fat around the rest of the body is burned for fuel. 

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A new study has found stomach blubber is the hardest of all forms of body fat to lose if adopting the diet technique of intermittent fasting. Scientists discovered belly fat is the most resistant due to a 'preservation mode' which allows it to stay put while fat around the rest of the body is burned (stock)

INTERMITTENT FASTING 

Intermittent fasting involves cycling between periods of fasting and eating and there are a few different methods of doing this. 

You may have heard of the 5:2 or 16:8 diets, these are both based on intermittent fasting principles. 

Fasting allows the body to use stored energy by burning excess body fat resulting in weight loss. 

Source: NHS 

University of Sydney researchers analysed more than 8,500 proteins found in body fat deposits of mice.

Any changes to these proteins throughout and after fasting were recorded. 

Visceral fat is the technical name for the fat in the abdomen which wraps around internal organs and is designed to protect them. 

However, excessive calories can see it protrude, creating an unwanted gut. 

This type of fat, the study found, has a cellular mechanism which prevents intermittent fasting from being able to break down the fat. 

'While most people would think that all fat tissue is the same, in fact, the location makes a big difference,' said senior author Dr Mark Larance from the University of Sydney. 

The method of intermittent fasting — cycles of eating normally and bouts of no intake — sees the body's fat reserves provide energy by breaking down into fatty acid molecules which replace food as the main fuel source.

But analysis of belly fat reveals it does not undergo this transition as readily as fat located elsewhere in the body. 

Visceral fat is the technical name for the fat in the abdomen which wraps around organs but excessive calories can see it protrude, creating a gut. This type of fat, the study found, has a cellular mechanism which prevents intermittent fasting from being able to break down the fat

'This suggests the visceral fat can adapt to repeated fasting bouts and protect its energy store,' Dr Larance said.

'This type of adaptation may be the reason why visceral fat can be resistant to weight loss after long periods of dieting.'

The researchers say the way the body loses weight when subjected to intermittent fasting means belly fat may be less stubborn for other weight loss techniques, including the 5:2 diet and calorie restriction. 

The research was done on mice, with the diets of lab animals controlled and scrutinised via mass spectrometry. 

Dr Larance added: 'Mouse physiology is similar to humans, but their metabolism is much faster, allowing us to observe changes more rapidly than in human trials, and examine tissues difficult to sample in humans.

'This sort of research has been enabled by these new instruments that allow us to 'look beyond the streetlight' - it's hypothesis generating; we knew we would find something but we didn't know what.'

'Now that we've shown 'belly fat' in mice is resistant to this diet, the big question will be to answer why, and how do we best tackle it?'

WHAT SHOULD A BALANCED DIET LOOK LIKE?

Meals should be based on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally wholegrain, according to the NHS

• Eat at least 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day. All fresh, frozen, dried and canned fruit and vegetables count

• Base meals on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally wholegrain

• 30 grams of fibre a day: This is the same as eating all of the following: 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, 2 whole-wheat cereal biscuits, 2 thick slices of wholemeal bread and large baked potato with the skin on

• Have some dairy or dairy alternatives (such as soya drinks) choosing lower fat and lower sugar options

• Eat some beans, pulses, fish, eggs, meat and other proteins (including 2 portions of fish every week, one of which should be oily)

• Choose unsaturated oils and spreads and consuming in small amounts

• Drink 6-8 cups/glasses of water a day

• Adults should have less than 6g of salt and 20g of saturated fat for women or 30g for men a day

Source: NHS Eatwell Guide 

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