Today’s Google Doodle on the search engine’s home page commemorates the life of Nkosi Johnson on what would have been the Aids campaigner’s 31st birthday.
Born HIV positive on 4 February 1989 in Johannesburg, South Africa, Johnson campaigned for the rights of children with Aids before the disease took his life in 2001 at the age of just 12. At that time he was the longest-surviving child born with HIV.
Despite the short span of his life, Johnson made a considerable impact on the world stage by raising awareness of the effects of the disease and condemning government policies that had placed restrictions on him as a sufferer.
Johnson was born Xolani Nkosi, the son of Nonhlanhla Daphne Nkosi, an HIV-positive woman. He never knew his father and was adopted by Gail Johnson, a public relations officer from an Aids care centre when his mother became unable to care for him, the Evening Standard reports.
The Independent says that Johnson was “thrust into the public eye in 1997 when he was refused entry to school because he was HIV-positive”, a decision which caused significant political issues for South Africa.
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The Standard adds that in response, his adoptive mother organised workshops to educate people about Aids, and her efforts led parliament to pass legislation that required schools to uphold anti-discrimination policies that protected children like Johnson.
Johnson was eventually admitted to the school in the same year his own mother died, and shortly after his health began to deteriorate. According to the BBC, his adoptive mother subsequently helped him set up Nkosi’s Haven, a non-government organisation “helping to support mothers and children whose lives have been impacted by HIV and Aids.
“As a result of his campaigning Nkosi became a key-note speaker at the International Aids conference in 2000 when he was just 11,” the broadcaster says.
At the opening event he said: “Care for us and accept us, we are all human beings. We are normal. We have hands. We have feet. We can walk, we can talk, we have needs just like everyone else. Don’t be afraid of us – we are all the same.”
On the Nkosi’s Haven website, he is described as a “national figure in the campaign to de-stigmatise Aids, with provincial education departments across South Africa moving to draw up new policies”.
In honour of his efforts to destigmatise the disease, the International Children’s Peace Prize was created in 2005, with Johnson being posthumously awarded the inaugural prize.
Johnson is buried at the Westpark Cemetery in Johannesburg. Shortly after his death, former South African PM Nelson Mandela paid tribute to him as an “icon of the struggle for life”.