There are some crimes so horrific that only a life sentence can be handed down.

From brutal killers to violent rapists and predatory paedophiles, some can expect to remain behind bars for a very long time.

But, at some point, the vast majority of prisoners will be eligible for parole.

A person who is sentenced to life will remain on licence permanently and can only apply for parole after they’ve served their minimum term set by a judge.

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They will only return to the community if a Parole Board deems they no longer pose a risk to the public.

Many believe killers and rapists should never be released and will struggle to believe they will ever be anything but a danger to society.

But only very few will expect to remain in prison until the day they die and it is the Parole Board’s job to decide if and when a prisoner can be released.

A spokesman for the Parole Bard said: “Parole Board decisions are solely focused on what risk a prisoner could represent to the public if released and whether that risk is manageable in the community.

“A panel will carefully examine a huge range of evidence, including details of the original crime, and any evidence of behaviour change, as well as explore the harm done and impact the crime has had on the victims.

“Members read and digest hundreds of pages of evidence and reports in the lead up to an oral hearing.

Watch: How do life sentences work

“Evidence from witnesses including probation officers, psychiatrists and psychologists, officials supervising the offender in prison as well as victim personal statements are then given at the hearing.

“The prisoner and witnesses are then questioned at length during the hearing which often lasts a full day or more.

“Parole reviews are undertaken thoroughly and with extreme care. Protecting the public is our number one priority.”

Hull Live takes a look at some of East Yorkshire’s most notorious offenders who have been or are up for parole soon, what their parole status is and if they have been released.

Peter Eastwood - jailed March 23, 2000

Doorman and dock worker Peter Eastwood stalked Susan Lawson after latching onto her while she was out celebrating her daughter’s 16th birthday.

He murdered her when she rejected his sexual advances.

A jury of six men and six women took less than four hours to return a unanimous verdict of guilty against 31-year-old Eastwood.

Mrs Lawson, 39, from Ings Road, east Hull, had been out to city centre pubs and clubs to celebrate her daughter’s 16th birthday when the night ended in tragedy.

Eastwood, of Brixton Close, Ings Road, had savagely beaten his victim and then killed her by deliberately running her over when she refused sex.

Following a trial at Sheffield Crown Court Eastwood was handed a life sentence.

His case has now been referred to the Parole Board. The hearing expected to take place at the end of September, 2021.

Leigh Stocks – jailed in July 17 2002

Hull killer Leigh Stocks
Hull killer Leigh Stocks

Leigh Stocks, 20, was released from a young offenders’ institution before embarking on a night of drunken violence in west Hull on Easter Sunday, 2002 which left prison officer John Wright dead.

Police said it was a miracle more people were not injured by Stocks.

Stocks was sentenced to life imprisonment at York Crown Court after pleading guilty to Mr Wright’s murder in De La Pole Avenue, west Hull, on March 31, and the malicious wounding of two other men on the same night.

He denied assaulting three other men, but these charges were left to lie on Stocks’ file.

Detective Chief Inspector Malcolm Redmore, who led the investigation, said the killer was a “very dangerous man”.

Stocks was directed for release in March 2019.

Matthew Rounce – jailed in July 2002

Hull killer Matthew Rounce
Hull killer Matthew Rounce

In a pathetic argument, Matthew Rounce claimed the brutal murder of pregnant Maria Toomey was self-defence.

He attacked heavily pregnant Miss Toomey with a hammer in 2001 before hiding her body inside an airbed.

Rounce, 28, later threw away the hammer before leaving his flat in Coltman Street, west Hull, where the attack took place, to stay with friends.

Rounce admitted he had hit Miss Toomey, of Cholmley Street, west Hull, who was 29 weeks pregnant, with a hammer after what he claimed was a dispute over payment for sex.

Rounce was sentenced to life imprisonment.

He was directed for release in March 2018.

Peter Foster – jailed in December 2003

A look back at the Bridlington Clockwork Orange killer. Pictured is killer Peter Foster
A look back at the Bridlington Clockwork Orange killer. Pictured is killer Peter Foster

Peter Foster was dubbed the Clockwork Orange killer due to his obsession with Stanley Kubrick’s controversial film.

The now 64-year-old would dress up like Malcolm McDowell’s violent character Alex – complete with a bowler hat, braces and with a fake eyelash under his right eye.

He brutally murder his partners Linda Grimm and Linda Wardill in Bridlington.

It all began to unravel for Foster when Mrs Wardill, 45, was found dead at the couple’s flat in Albion Terrace on December 11, 2002.

A post mortem concluded she died from a ruptured bowel, which must have been caused by a “very forceful blow to the abdomen, such as a very forceful stamp”.

Foster was arrested on suspicion of murder and police began re-investigating the death of Mrs Grimm, 38, in July 1989.

A look back at the Bridlington Clockwork Orange killer. Pictured is victim Linda Grimm
A look back at the Bridlington Clockwork Orange killer. Pictured is victim Linda Grimm

She died in the bed she shared with Mr Foster after her kidney was ruptured, causing substantial internal bleeding.

Mr Foster was then charged with the murder of Mrs Grimm.

The Bridlington man also faced seven other charges, including assault, kidnapping and wounding against four other women he had relationships with dating back to 1974.

Foster killed Mrs Wardill by stamping on her abdomen and rupturing her bowel, while it turned out Mrs Grimm had been beaten to death with a guitar which burst her kidneys.

Foster was found guilty on all charges and was sentenced to serve a minimum of 25 years in prison.

Foster is not eligible for parole until 2025.

Mark Rickard and Aaron Knowles – jailed in December 2003

Hull killers Aaron Knowles and Mark Rickard
Hull killers Aaron Knowles and Mark Rickard

During a savage 40-minute attack, Mark Rickard, 19, and Aaron Knowles, 17, rained kick after kick on Geoff Lyon as he lay defenceless outside a Hull nightclub.

In that time they subjected Mr Lyon to 100 savage kicks and Knowles also stabbed him in the back and legs.

At Hull Crown Court in December 2003, the pair had pleaded guilty at an earlier hearing to murder. Both were sentenced to life imprisonment.

Judge Michael Mettyear ordered Rickard, of Harthill Drive, west Hull, to serve a minimum of 12 years in prison and Knowles, of St Joseph’s Drive, west Hull, to serve a minimum of nine-and-a-half years.

He said of the attack: “It was vicious, it was cowardly. You showed no mercy whatsoever to this poor man, directing blows principally to his head.”

On March 23, father-of-one Mr Lyon, 31, of 18th Avenue, Orchard Park, had watched Hull City play, before going out alone for a drink.

Shortly after 3am two sisters walked past and saw Mr Lyon lying prone in an alcove on Anlaby Road. They tried to help but were reassured by Rickard and Knowles an ambulance had been called.

But no ambulance had been called and once alone with Mr Lyon the pair began kicking Mr Lyon in the head, stamping on him with such force that he sustained "unsurvivable" brain injuries.

Mr Lyon was rushed to Hull Royal Infirmary’s high dependency unit and put on a ventilator. His family had 12 hours with him before Mr Lyon stopped breathing at 5.30pm the next day.

Rickard was directed for release following an oral hearing in January 2020.

Knowles was refused release and refused a transfer to open prison in November 2019. His case has not yet been referred back to the Parole Board.

Martin Norton - jailed in February 2004

Dangerous Hull criminal Martin Norton
Dangerous Hull criminal Martin Norton

He was a real-life Jekyll and Hyde who fantasised about torturing and killing women since childhood.

To his work colleagues, Martin Norton, 45, was a mild-mannered cleaner.

But beneath his shy exterior lurked his alter-ego Michael – a would-be killer who daydreamed about snaring, raping and murdering vulnerable women.

Norton was put behind bars in 2004 after he was handed a life sentence after abducting a prostitute, putting a gun in her mouth and planning to kill her.

The gymnasium cleaner picked up the 39-year-old prostitute in Hessle Road, west Hull, and drove her to an isolated spot in the Humber Bridge viewing area.

There, calm, polite Martin, of Gloucester Street, west Hull, flipped and became the evil half of his split personality. He went to the boot of his Citroen car and returned with handcuffs which he clamped around his victim’s wrists.

He pulled out a gun, cocked the trigger and pushed it into her mouth. She escaped, only for Norton to grab the handcuffs and threaten to drag her along the floor.

Then, as quickly as he became Michael, Norton once more became Martin and reported himself to the police, who arrested him and freed his victim.

Detective Inspector Tony Burke, who led the investigation, said: “I have never seen anything like this in my 25 years in the force. Martin would not say boo to a goose but Michael was so dangerous.”

Norton’s case has been referred to the Parole Board. No dates have been set as yet for a hearing. He was refused release at his two previous hearings in 2019 and 2020.

Michael Little - jailed in October 2003

Michael Little's trial for Rachel Moran's murder was one of the most dramatic ever seen at Hull Crown Court.
Michael Little's trial for Rachel Moran's murder was one of the most dramatic ever seen at Hull Crown Court.

Rachel Moran, 21, was stabbed to death by stranger Michael Little in what became one of the region's most notorious murders.

Rachel had celebrated New Year 2003 in a pub with her brother and friends.

She had stopped off at her parents' house in Hall Road, north Hull, before setting off on the 20-minute walk back to her flat in Saxcourt, Orchard Park, in the early hours of the morning.

But on the way she was abducted by Michael Little, who lived only a short distance away but had never met her.

Little forced Rachel back to his flat in Nashcourt. There, he attacked her from behind, stabbing her more than 20 times in the head, neck and back with a kitchen knife.

Rachel Moran
Rachel Moran

It was four weeks before Rachel's body was found and Little's trial for her murder was one of the most dramatic in the history of Hull Crown Court.

Hull Crown Court heard Little was an overweight, unemployed loner who spent his days smoking cannabis in his filthy flat.

During his trial, Little claimed Rachel had agreed to go back to his flat to have sex with him, where his jealous friend killed her.

But his defence held no sway and he was convicted of Rachel’s murder and was handed a life sentence.

Little is not eligible for parole until 2027.

Anthony Campbell - jailed in May 2004

Murderer Anthony Campbell
Murderer Anthony Campbell

The ex-doorman carried out a sustained and horrific attack on a young Hull mother.

Evil Anthony Campbell, 32 at the time, was found guilty of stabbing 21-year-old Tina Wright to death by a jury at Sheffield Crown Court in 2004.

A jury of eight men and four women took just 30 minutes to reach its unanimous decision.

Judge David Bentley QC handed Campbell a life sentence with a minimum if 12-and-a-half years.

At no point during the six-day trial did Campbell show any remorse.

The court had heard how Campbell inflicted 67 wounds on Miss Wright’s head, neck, and chest after he alleged she made a two-word comment about his lack of sexual prowess.

Campbell and Miss Wright had only met hours earlier at the Endike Hotel, Endike Lane, Hull, where they shared a few drinks.

But the night of November 23, 2003 was to take a more tragic turn when the pair returned to Campbell’s 15th-floor Highcourt flat on Hull’s Orchard Park estate.

He inexplicably spent 16 hours with her dead body before fleeing his flat.

The jury learned Campbell neatly packed his bags and made off for his native Scotland, via Grimsby, Sheffield, Leeds, and Edinburgh, before he was finally arrested at a pub in Falkirk.

Campbell was directed for release following an oral hearing in May 2020.

Gary Metcalfe - jailed in December 14, 2004

Hull killer Gary Metcalfe
Hull killer Gary Metcalfe

Dawn Matson suffered six years of appalling physical abuse at the hands of her partner Gary Metcalfe.

It was a brutal relationship that ended when Metcalfe rained down more than 100 blows on Dawn, killing her.

But she had always refused help, never turning in the man who went on to murder her just two months after she gave birth to their child.

Metcalfe, 44 at the time, was handed a life sentence in 2004 after being found guilty of murder by a jury at Hull Crown Court.

Metcalfe beat and kicked Dawn to death at the home they shared in Victoria Avenue, off Stepney Lane, west Hull, on December 13, 2003.

The court heard the brutal attack was the culmination of a catalogue of abuse, which police believe included Dawn having her right hand so badly burned by Metcalfe it had to be amputated.

Metcalfe was sentenced to life imprisonment and ordered to serve a minimum of 13 years.

He was refused release but was recommended for a move to open prison in April 2021.

Paul Dyson

Paul Dyson was sentence to life imprisonment for the murder of Joanne Nelson.
Paul Dyson was sentence to life imprisonment for the murder of Joanne Nelson.

Evil Paul Dyson harboured feelings of "anger and resentment" and struggled with rejection before killing Joanne Nelson.

Dyson killed Joanne in cold blood on Valentine's Day in 2005 at their home in Hotham Road, west Hull, and buried her body miles away in a wood in Bransby, North Yorkshire.

He callously reported her missing to police and took part in sickening TV appeals and interviews to try and find Joanne - knowing exactly where she was.

Her disappearance sparked a huge search which involved hundreds of officers, volunteers and even the Army. Dyson hid his evil secret from Joanne's heartbroken friends and family.

A popular, caring and loving woman, Joanne, 22, had seemingly vanished without a trace.

Joanne
Joanne

Her body wasn't found until six weeks later on March 24.

Dyson had been hiding the horrifying truth that he had strangled her after they rowed about washing.

He wrapped Joanne's body in binliners and bundled her into his boot before driving to woodland in Brandsby, near York - 100 miles from their home in Hotham Road North in west Hull. He reported her missing to police that night.

Dyson was jailed for life in November 2005 for Joanne's murder and was told he must serve at least 16 years in prison before being eligible for parole.

In October last year Dyson was recommended by the Parole Board to be moved to an open prison after just 14 years.

Parole Board has recommended the move to the Ministry of Justice, who will now make the final decision.

Dyson’s case has been referred to the Parole Board. No dates set for a hearing. He is currently detained at an open prison.

Stephen Browning - jailed in September 2007

Bridlington killer Stephen Browning
Bridlington killer Stephen Browning

Susan Grundy was murdered by Stephen Browning for refusing to give him a cigarette.

Browning stamped on her face, head and neck, sexually abused her and left her dying in the street as he stole her money and went back to a nightclub to buy his friends a drink.

Browning was jailed for life for her murder after he pleaded guilty at Bradford Crown Court in 2007.

He was told he would have to spend at least 25 years in jail before applying for parole.

The former postman had never met Susan, 56, but when he saw her walking home on January 23, 2007 in Bridlington he followed her.

He pestered her for a cigarette and she continually refused.

Browning lost his temper and dragged her up an alleyway in Wellington Road, just yards from her home. He punched her in the face and kicked her in the head, before stamping on her face, neck and head.

Browning then removed her clothing and sexually assaulted her. He continued to stamp on her stomach and upper thigh area before robbing her of £15 and her cigarettes. Browning then left her to die.

He coolly went back to Shades nightclub area of Harbor Lites, bought all his friends a drink and continued drinking shots one after the other for two hours.

Browning’s case has not been referred to the Parole Board.

Luke Byfleet - jailed in November 6, 2008

Luke Byfleet who killed his grandfather
Luke Byfleet who killed his grandfather

In a deeply disturbing crime, Luke Byfleet hanged his grandfather from a tree at an East Riding beauty spot after suffering from delusional paranoia.

In November 2008 Luke Byfleet, then 26, was jailed for life for the murder of 76-year-old Derek Byfleet on March 30 that year at Bempton, near Bridlington.

Hull Crown Court heard Byfleet, of Masson Close, Chesterfield, was unable to give any reasonable explanation for the murder.

A psychiatrist’s report said Byfleet had suffered from a “thought disorder” that led him to believe there was a conspiracy against him.

However, despite this report, Byfleet refused to enter a defence of diminished responsibility and was sentenced to serve a minimum of 11 years.

The pensioner’s body was found hanging from a tree at a remote location in Stone Pit Lane, Bempton, after Byfleet made a 999 call from outside Tower Grange police station in Hull.

He initially told police someone had died, but later admitted he had killed his grandfather, telling officers he “had to put him out of his misery”.

Byfleet’s case has not been referred to the Parole Board.

Kevin Collins - jailed on September 9, 2014

Kevin Collins was jailed for life for nearly killing ex-girlfriend
Kevin Collins was jailed for life for nearly killing ex-girlfriend

He turned into a “monster” when his relationships broke down and Kevin Collins ended up being jailed for life after an explosion of violence.

In June 2014, Collins, then 45, tried to stab a mother-of-four in the street when she ended their relationship because he became possessive.

She only escaped “very serious injury, if not death” when Collins was rugby tackled by a policeman, who had failed to stop him by hitting him with a baton.

Hull Crown Court heard Collins was particularly dangerous because he mostly appeared “perfectly normal and harmless”, but resorted to extreme violence when his relationships failed.

He had previously been jailed for three years for stabbing an ex-girlfriend’s new partner after breaking into their home and lying in wait.

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He received the same sentence in Ireland for setting fire to the home of another former partner, and six months for harassment of another.

Judge Simon Jack said Collins was one of the most dangerous offenders he had come across and jailed him for life with a minimum term of six years.

He can only be released with the Home Secretary’s approval when he is no longer deemed a risk to the public.

Collins, of Boulevard, west Hull, admitted attempted wounding with intent to cause grievous bodily harm, making threats to kill, and possession of an offensive weapon.

Collins’ case has not been referred to the Parole Board.

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