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South China Sea: Beijing in 'grey arms race' as Philippines PUSH BACK in deadly conflict

The Philippines is building up a greater sea-based military force, known as the Cafgu Active Auxiliary Service, to defend waters it believes are within its control, analysts say. It follows similar moves by China in the region, in which small boats are increasingly used to ‘intrude’ into waters claimed by the Philippines, according to Asia Times.

Delfin Lorenzana, Defence Secretary for the Philippines, said in a recent government address that China uses “civilian militias” which are “acting as fishermen” but are part of China’s navy.

However, it is thought the Philippines’ move could increase the risk of conflict in the South China Sea.

This is despite the fact they will not be armed. Philippine Fleet commander Loumer Bernabe told reporters recently: “Definitely, they will not be given firearms,” according to Philippine news outlet Inquirer.

China and Philippines coast guard

The CAAS ships could be a 'stop gap' between the navy and coast guard, a navy official said (Image: Ted Aljibe / AFP / Getty)

Instead, the sea-based forces would be given surveillance equipment and communications technology.

Meanwhile, Professor Jay Batongbacal, a maritime affairs expert from the University of the Philippines College of Law, told the news outlet the CAAS forces would have to be carefully monitored in order to avoid unnecessary tensions in the region.

He added: “Otherwise you might end up with vigilante-like groups or adventurists, which are not the kind of people you want in a tense disputed region.”

READ: South China Sea: Philippines vows to ‘SWARM’ with fishing vessels in jab at China

US Philippines boats

A US-Philippines joint naval exercise in 2018 (Image: Ted Aljibe / AFP / Getty)

It is not the first time the CAAS has been referred to in recent times by Philippine officials.

Only last week, the country’s Navy chief Vice Admiral Giovanni Carlo Bacordo referred to the militias as “force multipliers”.

He appeared to distinguish between the Philippines’ CAAS, the Navy, and the country’s coast guard.

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China fishing boats

In 2016, it was reported some fishing boats in China were recieving military training (Image: Zhang Peng / LightRocket / Getty)

The Navy chief said: “It’s a stop gap measures to fill where we are not, where the Navy and where the Coast Guard are not.”

It is understood the CAAS forces will be trained by the nation’s Navy.

In 2016, Reuters reported China was providing military training to some of its fishing fleets as they prepared to sail into the South China Sea.

Delfin Lorenzana

Delfin Lorenzana, Defence Secretary for the Philippines, pictured (Image: Ted Aljibe / AFP / Getty)

It involved instructions for fishing vessels to collect information on boats from other nations.

An anonymous advisor to China’s Hainan island government said the “maritime militia” would be “protecting our country’s interests”.

Some of the boats were even reported to have small arms, Hainan fishermen allegedly said.

Teodoro Locsin

Teodoro Locsin, Secretary of Foreign Affairs for the Philippines (Image: Andrea Verdelli / Getty)

Meanwhile, the Philippines has said it will “swarm” fishing waters with boats after a government official said China is doing the same.

Teodoro Locsin, Foreign Affairs Secretary for the Philippines, said this week: “We are swarming the areas because that’s the Chinese strategy – to swarm the areas also with the fishing boats.”

He also said the country could fall back on US assistance if necessary.

The World Wildlife Fund has warned nearly 30 percent of fish stocks commercially fished are over-fished.

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