The Prime Minister has put repairing the NHS following the Covid pandemic at the heart of the next programme for government.
The Queen's speech to officially reopen parliament included an NHS "catch-up and recovery plan".
The Queen, 95, has carried out her first major royal duty since the death of her husband Prince Philip.
After the speech, the Queen was seen chatting with the Marquess of Cholmondeley and others involved in the ceremonial parts of the day.
At one point she animatedly gestured, holding her white gloved hands apart, and gave a broad smile before bidding them farewell.
Here are the seven main announcements:
Queen says Government's priority is to 'deliver national recovery from pandemic'
The Queen said the Government's priority is to "deliver a national recovery from the pandemic that makes the United Kingdom stronger, healthier and more prosperous than before".
Addressing Parliament from the throne in the House of Lords, she said: "My Government will level up opportunities across all parts of the United Kingdom, supporting jobs, businesses and economic growth, and addressing the impact of the pandemic on public services.
"My Government will protect the health of the nation, continuing the vaccination programme and providing additional funding to support the NHS."
While there was no specific legislation, "proposals on social care will be brought forward", she said.
Setting out Boris Johnson's programme, she said the Government would build on the success of the vaccination programme to "lead the world in life sciences" while there would be the "fastest ever increase in public funding for research and development".
Government pledges improved rail connections and 5G coverage in Queen's Speech
The Queen said the Government will "strengthen the economic ties across the union, investing in and improving national infrastructure".
"Proposals will be taken forward to transform connectivity by rail and bus and to extend 5G mobile coverage and gigabit capable broadband," she said.
Legislation will support a "lifetime skills guarantee" and measures will be introduced to ensure that "support for businesses reflects the United Kingdom's strategic interests and drives economic growth".
Queen's Speech promises to address 'lost learning' as lockdowns shut schools
The Government will address the problems of "lost learning" while children were kept away from school during the pandemic.
The Queen said: "Measures will be brought forward to ensure that children have the best start in life, prioritising their early years.
"My ministers will address lost learning during the pandemic and ensure every child has a high quality education and is able to fulfil their potential."
The Queen promised new laws to prevent another Grenfell-style tragedy and to boost housebuilding.
"My Government will help more people to own their own home whilst enhancing the rights of those who rent.
"Laws to modernise the planning system, so that more homes can be built, will be brought forward, along with measures to end the practice of ground rents for new leasehold properties.
"My ministers will establish in law a new building safety regulator to ensure that the tragedies of the past are never repeated."
The Queen said measures will be brought forward to "address the legacy of the past" in Northern Ireland.
"My ministers will promote the strength and integrity of the union," she told Parliament.
"Measures will be brought forward to strengthen devolved Government in Northern Ireland and address the legacy of the past."
The Government will also take steps to "renew democracy and the constitution".
Proposals to address violence against women and girls, and to support victims
The Government will produce proposals to address violence against women and girls, and to support victims, the Queen said.
Measures will also be brought forward "to establish a fairer immigration system that strengthens the United Kingdom's borders and deters criminals who facilitate dangerous and illegal journeys".
The Government will also "lead the way in ensuring internet safety for all, especially for children, whilst harnessing the benefits of a free, open and secure internet".
The Government has faced a backlash over the cut in aid spending.
But the Queen told Parliament earlier: “My Government will continue to provide aid where it has the greatest impact on reducing poverty and alleviating human suffering.
“My Government will uphold human rights and democracy across the world.
"It will take forward a global effort to get 40 million girls across the world into school. “