There is an “emerging crisis in nursing”, MPs have warned, after a new report raised concerns over high vacancy rates across England and increased levels of burnout among nurses.
The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) highlighted large numbers of nursing shortages and low morale among nurses.
The new PAC report comes as research by The King’s Fund think tank and the RCN Foundation highlighted “damaging” working conditions for nurses and midwives.
Experts called for a review of 12-hour shifts to address issues of burnout and exhaustion among nurses and midwives, the authors said.
Meanwhile, the PAC report described how nurses have played a vital role during the Covid-19 outbreak, against a backdrop of nearly 40,000 vacancies.
MPs said the “pace of progress on increasing the number of nurses in the NHS is too slow”.
Meanwhile, their report highlights how the health service has “reverted from long-term planning to short-term firefighting”.
The authors add: “This is not good enough for the over-stretched NHS workforce.”
The group of MPs said they were “concerned” about the Department of Health and Social Care's (DHSC) approach to addressing shortages of adult social care nurses.
Meg Hillier, chairwoman of the Public Accounts Committee, said: “The picture from the front line of nursing in the NHS and care homes is not good.
“I fear, with the strain of a huge shortage of nurses and the worrying reports of low morale and huge numbers considering leaving in the next year, we are facing an emerging crisis in nursing.
“We fully recognise that the NHS is reeling under the strain of Covid-19, with staff unsure how they will cope with the second wave that it seems clear is already upon us.
“But it must not take its eye off the ball and allow a slide back into short-term, crisis mode.
“It must press on with coherent plans to get the nursing workforce back to capacity, under the kind of working conditions that can encourage hard-won, hard-working nurses to stay in our NHS and care homes.”
Labour’s shadow health minister Justin Madders said: “This is a devastating report that exposes the lack of long-term thinking and strategy at the heart of the government's approach to the NHS workforce.”
It comes as the separate King's Fund and RCN Foundation review called for urgent action to improve working conditions for “exhausted” nurses and midwives.
A Royal College of Nursing survey found 36 per cent of respondents were considering leaving the profession in the next year, up from 28 per cent before the pandemic
But the report said that, even before the pandemic, the health and care workforce had been “struggling to cope”.
The authors wrote: “Staff stress, absenteeism, turnover and intentions to quit had reached alarmingly high levels in 2019, with large numbers of nurse and midwife vacancies across the health and care system.
“The impact of the pandemic on the nursing and midwifery workforce has been unprecedented and will be felt for a long time to come.”
It makes a series of recommendations to help improve wellbeing among staff, including a call for a review of 12-hour shifts.
Commenting on the report, Susan Masters, director of nursing, policy and public affairs at the Royal College of Nursing, said: “Today there are approximately 50,000 registered nurse vacancies in the NHS in the UK, impacting patient safety and morale and wellbeing in the profession – and at a time when these are crucial.
“At present, really ambitious and well-qualified young people are really struggling with gruelling shifts, staff shortages and poor pay.
“They feel they have no choice but to leave a career they should love, at a huge cost to patient care.
“Politicians and officials need to grasp the nettle before we lose even more.”
An NHS spokesperson said: “There are now more than 300,000 nurses in England with over 13,000 nurses joining the NHS recently; and this year there was a 22 per cent increase in applications for nursing degrees, all backed by a £28m fund to boost international recruitment.
“Meanwhile, nearly half a million nurses, midwives and other NHS staff have been given extra support with their health and mental wellbeing needs via our self-help apps, text services, online forums and telephone helplines during the first wave, when the NHS cared for more than 110,000 Covid-19 patients.”