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James Le Mesurier death: Co-founder of White Helmets besieged by funding worries and Russian propaganda campaign against him

James Le Mesurier, who helped found the Syrian White Helmets civil volunteer group, had been receiving prolonged medical treatment for stress and depression before his death in Turkey, his family and close friends have revealed.

The former British Army officer had gone to hospital the day before his body was found outside his home in Istanbul earlier this week. He was found to be suffering from serious hypertension and doctors stressed that his condition needed to be carefully monitored.

Turkish investigators have told local news outlets, and confirmed to The Independent,  that they believe the former Army officer had committed suicide. They have found no sign of Mr Le Mesurier being subjected to violence before his death following a post-mortem and examination of the evidence collected, including CCTV footage.

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Le Mesurier’s widow, Emma Winberg, is believed to have told investigators that her husband had talked about taking his own life in the past and the police are in possession of his medical records.

Le Mesurier’s body has been returned to England. His friends confirmed that Ms Winberg has been asked by the Turkish authorities to remain in the country while inquiries continue and said she has no objections in doing so.

Le Mesurier, who received an OBE in 2016 for his services to Syrian civilians, was believed to be increasingly concerned about the prospect that funding for the White Helmets, from international organisations and governments, was going to be reduced.

Some of the money was spent on providing support for volunteers who have been injured, and bereaved families of those killed. A number of countries including the UK, US, France, Denmark and the Netherlands have contributed to the White Helmets. London and Washington DC have maintained their funding, but the situation regarding other states remains unclear.

Le Mesurier has also been increasingly affected, say those close to him, by the relentless attacks on him in the social media by the Russian state and supporters of the Assad regime, in which, among other things, the White Helmets were falsely linked to terrorist groups including al-Qaeda.

Ben Nimmo, an analyst with Graphika, a social media investigative company, who has previously worked worked for Nato and the Atlantic Council, said his research showed that no other single organisation has been targeted by the Russians as much as the White Helmets in recent times, and this has extended to Le Mesurier as an individual.

“The White Helmets in general, and James Le Mesurier in particular, were subjected to the most sustained state-backed smear campaign that I remember seeing. It accused them of being ‘propaganda’, and it looked like it was because what they did was provide evidence of probable war crimes in Syria,” said Mr Nimmo.

“The campaign began even before Russia launched its bombing operations in Syria in September 2015. First, pro-Assad bloggers and conspiracy theorists began claiming that the White Helmets were a propaganda outlet or a branch of al-Qaida.

"The Kremlin’s outlets amplified those claims. Then the pro-Assad bloggers amplified the Kremlin. It was a barrage of tag-team trolling,” he added.

And this harassment campaign only intensified, he said.

“The campaign really picked up in the second half of 2016, when Syrian and Russian forces launched the siege of Aleppo. Open-source evidence showed that the besieging forces were targeting hospitals and launching indiscriminate attacks on built-up areas.

“Those were potentially war crimes, and the White Helmets were the main witnesses. The response by the Syrian and Russian governments and their allies was to try and silence the witnesses – on the ground with air strikes, and on the internet with the smear campaign.”

Le Mesurier’s death came a week after Maria Zakharova, Russia’s foreign ministry spokeswoman, accused Le Mesurier of being a British agent who had “been spotted all around the world, including the Balkans and the Middle East.”

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There have been repeated allegations, without any evidence produced, that Le Mesurier was murdered. The Turkish authorities are said to be concerned that the conspiracy theories are  interfering with their investigation and has offered his family the imposition of a news blackout. It remains unclear how exactly this would be enforced.

Karen Pierce, the UK ambassador to the United Nations, stated that claims that Le Mesurier was a spy were “ categorically untrue”. The Independent understands that Mr Le Mesurier had never worked for any British security and intelligence agency.

After Sandhurst, where he graduated top of the class and won the Queen’s Medal, he served in the Royal Green Jackets where General Sir Nick Carter, the current head of the British military, was a fellow officer.

Bashar al-Assad, however, maintains that Le Mesurier was assassinated by Western intelligence services as part of a plan targeting people who knew too many secrets. Another recent example of this, claimed the Syria president, was the death of sex offender Jeffrey Epstein who committed suicide in an American prison while awaiting trial.

Other victims of this elimination programme were Osama bin Laden and Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. They were not killed because they were terrorist leaders responsible for thousands of deaths including American citizens, insisted Mr Assad, but “chiefly because they knew major secrets.”

If you are feeling suicidal, you can contact your GP, call 999, go to A&E, call the Samaritans on 116 123, or email them at [email protected]