On Saturday Prince Philip was laid to rest in the 200-year-old Royal Vault beneath St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.

The 99-year-old Duke of Edinburgh died on April 9 - just two months before his 100th birthday.

His funeral took place at the chapel but due to coronavirus rules just 30 mourners were allowed to attend.

The world watched on as the Duke's coffin disappeared from the view of the Queen, and the 29 others at the service, on an electrically-powered lift platform.

The coffin then went on a 15-metre long journey through an underground passageway that leads into the Royal Vault.

The world watched on as the Duke's coffin disappeared from the view
The world watched on as the Duke's coffin disappeared from the view

But the Royal Vault will not Philip's final resting place.

When the Queen dies, the Duke of Edinburgh will be transferred to the gothic church’s King George VI memorial chapel to lie alongside his devoted wife of 73 years.

The vault was built between 1810 and 1814 underneath what is now known as the Albert Memorial Chapel .

In 1494 the space underneath held the tomb of Henry VI, then Henry VII and finally Henry VIII before it was abandoned for more than 200 years.

The Royal Vault will not Philip's final resting place
The Royal Vault will not Philip's final resting place

The vault was finally finished 1863 as a memorial to Prince Albert who was the husband of Queen Victoria.

It was first used to bury Queen Charlotte, the wife of George III, who died in 1818.

Two years later it was the final resting place for George himself.

George IV was buried in the vault in 1830 and William IV in 1837.

The George VI Memorial Chapel in St George's Chapel
The George VI Memorial Chapel in St George's Chapel

But despite there being space in there for more royals Queen Victoria built herself a mausoleum at Frogmore, in Windsor Great Park.

Edward VII and George V were both interred in freestanding tombs on the floor of St George’s Chapel itself.

A small extension-chapel was made to St George’s, with a vault underneath, which holds the coffin of the Queen's dad George VI.

The Queen Mother and the ashes of Princess Margaret are also there.

The coffin of King George VI being lowered into the vault
The coffin of King George VI being lowered into the vault

During the 19th and 20th centuries several less senior members of the Royal Family have been buried in the vault.

But more recently they are interred in the Royal Burial Ground at Frogmore and include the Duke of Windsor, the former King Edward VIII, who abdicated in 1936 so he could marry American divorcée Wallis Simpson.

He died in 1972 and was joined by Mrs Simpson when she passed away in 1986.

The vault is the final resting place to one foreign king – the exiled George V of Hanover, a grandson of George III, who died in 1878.

An illustration of the vault underneath the chapel
An illustration of the vault underneath the chapel

The vault is a stone-lined room with a small altar at the far end which measures around 25 metres by seven metres.

Along each wall are shelves to hold coffins.

Close to the entrance of the vault is a plinth on which the latest arrival is placed.

The coffin will either be moved to either a side-shelf or final interment elsewhere in the room.

Prince Philip will remain in the vault until the Queen dies
Prince Philip will remain in the vault until the Queen dies

It was originally lit with oil-lamps but this was changed to an electric light at the beginning of 20th century.

It has not received a ‘permanent resident’ since 1930 but the vault is used during royal funerals at Windsor.

After the funeral service of a royal the coffin is usually lowered via the electrically-driven platform down to the corridor and into the vault.

The coffin will remain there until transferred to its final burial place.

Philip's mum, Princess Alice of Battenberg, who was born at Windsor Castle, was laid to rest in the vault in 1969, but her coffin was later moved to the Russian convent on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem in 1988.

She had wanted to be buried near her aunt, Grand Duchess Elizabeth of Russia.

George VI was there from 1952 until 1969, while his own chapel was being built while the Duke of Edinburgh’s mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg, lay there from her death in 1969 until her burial in Jerusalem in 1988.

Philip will remain there until The Queen dies and joins him.

They will stay there together until they are moved to their final resting place which would have been picked by the Queen.