Great Britain

Covid vaccine: Pfizer request emergency use authorisation from European regulator

Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech have asked the European drugs regulator to authorise the emergency use of their Covid-19 vaccine, paving the way for its anticipated rollout across the continent.

The companies follow Moderna in requesting approval from the European Medicines Agency (EMA), which has been conducting a rolling review of the two-dose vaccine since 6 October.

It’s expected a positive verdict will be delivered next week, allowing supplies of the mRNA vaccine to be administered in Europe over the Christmas period.

The application to the EMA comes after the two companies applied for US approval on 20 November, taking them a step closer to launching their vaccine.

Data from Pfizer’s large-scale clinical trial was also last week presented to the UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to seek approval for the vaccine.

"We have known since the beginning of this journey that patients are waiting, and we stand ready to ship Covid-19 vaccine doses as soon as potential authorisations will allow us," Pfizer's chief executive Albert Bourla said in a statement on Tuesday.

Germany's science minister that the same safety standards are being applied in the approval process for coronavirus vaccines as for other drugs and that this would be key to gaining the widest possible public acceptance for Covid immunisation.

Anja Karliczek told reporters in Berlin that the EMA will be holding a public hearing on 11 December regarding the approval request by BioNTech and Pfizer.

Final analysis of the vaccine, released last month, showed that it is safe and 95 per cent effective in preventing Covid-19.

Pfizer’s phase three trial enrolled more than 40,000 people from across the world. Of these, 42 per cent of participants are from diverse ethnic backgrounds and 41 per cent are aged between 56 and 85 years old.

A good immune response was “consistent across age, gender, race and ethnicity demographics” and the jab was more than 94 per cent effective in those aged over 65, Pfizer said.

Pfizer and BioNTech say there were no serious side effects from the vaccine, though some volunteers reported headaches and fatigue.

There were 10 severe cases of Covid-19 overall, with nine in the placebo group and one in the vaccine group.

The UK government has secured 40 million doses in total of the vaccine, with 10 million due to be delivered to the country by the end of the year if the jab is approved.

Protection is achieved 28 days after the initiation of the vaccination, which consists of two doses, meaning up to five million Britons could be inoculated over the winter period.

Ugur Sahin, co-founder of BioNTech, said the data shows a high rate of protection against Covid-19 can be achieved “very fast” after the first dose.

Authorities have stressed that initial supplies of the vaccine will be limited. An estimated 50 million doses – enough to vaccinate 25 million people – are expected to be available globally by the end of the year.

From there, Pfizer aims to manufacture a total of 1.3 billion doses throughout 2021.

Pfizer and BioNTech have a £1.48bn contract with the US government to deliver 100 million vaccine doses, beginning this year. Along with the US, the two firms have also reached supply agreements with the European Union, Canada and Japan.

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