As you probably already know, Glasgow is hosting the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) from Sunday.

The conference - running until November 12 - will bring parties together to help accelerate action towards the Paris Agreement as well as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

World leaders are coming together in what is being described as the best chance to limit global temperatures.

The most dangerous climate changes are set to occur if global temperatures rise to 1.5C.

The conference was delayed from 2020 - due to Covid restrictions - as it is critical that leaders can attend in person to allow each country to participate effectively.

But why is the conference so imperative and what is set to be discussed?

Here is everything we should expect.

Low emissions zone sign
There are four main goals of the climate change conference
What are the goals of COP26?

There are four main goals of Cop26 with world leaders coming together in order to progress with climate change prevention plans.

The four main goals are:

World leaders are being asked to come forward with ambitious 2030 emission reduction targets, meaning countries will align with reaching net-zero by 2050.

The summit will therefore involve calls to accelerate the phasing out of coal, curtail deforestation, speed up the switch to electric vehicles, and encourage investment in renewables.

Countries will work together during the summit in an attempt to protect and restore ecosystems around the world.

There are already some devastating effect throughout the globe with COP26 presenting an opportunity to enable and encourage countries to build defences, put warning systems in place and make infrastructure and agriculture more resilient to avoid loss of homes, livelihoods and lives.

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Countries are being asked to work together to raise at least $100 billion (roughly £73 billion).

Meeting the targets of the first two goals depends on a promise to raise the massive amount of funds needed to secure global net zero.

The aims of COP26 are undeniably huge- and really challenging.

Therefore, the fourth aims of the summit requires everyone to work together. From work leaders to every member of the earth's population. Only together can we reach net zero by mid century.

At COP26, final touches will be given to the Paris Rulebook - needed to implement the Paris Agreement - with ambitions turning to collaboration of the world's governments, businesses and greater society.

What does 'Net Zero' mean?

Net zero means achieving a balance between greenhouses gases in the atmosphere and the level of greenhouses gases being taken out of the atmosphere.

To understand a little bit more, think running water in a sink.

You turn the tap on while a plug seals the drain, the sink would begin to fill up and eventually overflow.

But if you loosen the plug, the water would begin to stream down the drain, stopping the sink from overflowing.

Balancing the amount of water running from the tap with the level of water going down the drains means the water level will balance out and never overflow.

The is the aim with greenhouse gases, with hopes of eliminating them from the atmosphere completely as time progresses.

When what we add is no more than what we take away we reach net zero.

This state is also referred to as carbon neutral; although zero emissions and zero carbon are slightly different, as they usually mean that no emissions were produced in the first place.

What is the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Climate Agreement is an international treaty that commits most of the world’s governments to addressing climate change.

Through decades of global negotiations, the Paris Agreement is the world's first comprehensive climate change agreement and is a huge step in tackling the climate crisis.

The main goal of the Paris Agreement is to stop the world’s average temperature rising more than two degrees, or ideally 1.5ºC.

Avoiding an increase in global temperatures would likely prevent the most serious impacts of climate change.

But the world is not on track to meet this goal as it stands.

Almost every government in the world has signed up to the Paris Agreement with Iran, Turkey, Eritrea, Iraq, South Sudan, Libya and Yemen the only nations not to sign.

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