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Are Republicans like Ron Johnson fools or liars, or both?

Senator Ron Johnson of Wisconsin just became the latest prominent Republican elected official to try to undermine democracy. Attorney General Bill Barr acknowledged yesterday that, despite President Donald Trump's insistence, there was no evidence of voter fraud in the 2020 election, and Trump had in fact lost to Democratic President-elect Joe Biden. Johnson didn't like that, though, and he went on the attack, insisting that the AG must "show everybody" his evidence that there was no mass fraud because in his view, "there's enough suspicions" to raise questions about the election.

Of course, you can't prove a negative; it's up to Trump and his sycophants to provide evidence of fraud, not up to Barr, or anyone, to provide evidence that nothing happened. But Johnson's ridiculous demands and confused outrage raise another question: Is he just a fool? Or is he deliberately lying and trying to cast doubt on the election, knowing full well that there is no fraud? Are the claims of fraud the result of calculated deceit, or are they the result of stunning ignorance and thick-headedness? Considering that Mark Becker, the former head of the Brown County Republican Party, says Johnson told him in a private phone call that he knows Biden really did win the election, these questions couldn’t be more pertinent.

Based on this record of mendacity, you could easily conclude that Trump knows election fraud claims are baseless, but is pushing them anyway. In the same vein, officials have been quoted as saying, "What is the downside for humoring him for this little bit of time?" Trump is powerful, and can still harm GOP politicians if he wants to. So perhaps Ron Johnson and others are just pushing claims of election fraud to keep Trump happy. They know he's lying — and even he knows he's lying — but they all see an advantage in spreading false claims about the election.

It's also possible, though, that Johnson really has convinced himself that there was fraud, and that Biden cheated. There's little doubt that many of Trump's voters believe him when he says that there was election tampering; one post-election poll found that 70 percent of Republicans did not think the election was free and fair. Republican lawyer Lin Wood is so certain that there was fraud in Georgia that he's encouraged Republicans to withhold their votes in the upcoming Senate special elections in order to force GOP officials to overset the results in Trump's favor. That kind of talk — and the fear that GOP voters may believe voting is useless after all this talk of fraud — may be why AG Barr has come out to say that the election was fair. And Ron Johnson may be opposing him because, like Wood, he really believes, with no evidence, that there was fraud.

It's an interesting academic exercise to try to figure out whether Republicans believe their own nonsense. But it's impossible to know for sure, because the GOP has worked hard — even before the Trump era — at severing itself from truth. The constant flow of conspiracy theories from Fox News and other outlets — about death panels, Benghazi, birtherism, and more — depend on an audience which is both credulous and more or less consciously willing to sign onto nonsense for partisan gain.

Following philosopher Harry G. Frankfurt's formulation, we might say that Republican politics is steeped in "bullsh*t." “Bullsh*t”, for Frankfurt, isn't the same as lies. Rather, bullsh*t is characterized by an indifference to whether something is true or false. When Ron Johnson says there's been a lot of suspicion of fraud, he doesn't believe Biden cheated. He doesn't not believe Biden cheated. He doesn't really care what the truth is, one way or the other. He cares about pushing partisan talking points and stoking anger, confusion and resentment.  Whether the talking points are true or false is irrelevant.

If Johnson is a fool, he's a fool deliberately. If he's lying, he's lying with the enthusiasm of the naïve. The scary thing about the GOP today is not the deceit or the ignorance. It's the fact that they've deliberately erased the distinction between the two. Trump, and Johnson, and Lin Wood, and even Republican voters don't know or care if what they say is true. The election is illegitimate because they don't like the outcome; that's as near to truth as they care to get. They revel in resentment and bullsh*t. For them, nothing else is real.

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